New Delhi

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New Delhi

(dĕl`ē), city (1991 pop. 294,149), capital of India and of the National Capital Territory of DelhiDelhi
, union territory and city, N central India. The union territory, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (2001 provisional pop. 13,782,976), 573 sq mi (1,484 sq km), is on the Delhi plain, which is crossed by the Yamuna River and stretches between the Aravalli
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, N central India, on the right bank of the Yamuna River. Predominantly an administrative center, it was constructed between 1912 and 1929 to replace Calcutta (now KolkataKolkata
, formerly Calcutta
, city (1991 pop. 10,916,272), capital of West Bengal state, E India, on the Hugli River. It is the second largest city in India and one of the largest in the world.
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) as capital of British India; New Delhi was officially inaugurated in 1931. The city is also a transportation hub and trade center with manufactures in electronics, automobile parts, engineering products, and electrical appliances.

Designed by architects Sir Edwin LutyensLutyens, Sir Edwin Landseer
, 1869–1944, English architect. He began his career designing small houses in Surrey and later executed a series of large country establishments, many of them complete with furniture and gardens.
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 and Herbert Baker, New Delhi has broad, symmetrically aligned streets that provide vistas of historic monuments. Between the main government buildings a broad boulevard leads east to west from India Gate, a massive war memorial arch (built 1921), through a great court to the resplendent sandstone and marble Government House (formerly the viceroy's palace; now the residence of India's president). In the southern section of the city is the prayer ground where Mahatma GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 was assassinated (1948). In the west are Balmiki and Lakshminarayan temples, which Gandhi frequented; the Swaminarayan Akshardham temple (2005) is is East Delhi across the Yamuna. The city has many sports stadiums and medical institutes. In recent years metropolitan New Delhi, including Old DelhiDelhi
, union territory and city, N central India. The union territory, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (2001 provisional pop. 13,782,976), 573 sq mi (1,484 sq km), is on the Delhi plain, which is crossed by the Yamuna River and stretches between the Aravalli
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, has experienced overcrowding and severe air pollution. The city opened its subway system, the second in India, in 2002.

New Delhi

 

the southern, administrative part of Delhi, the capital of India. New Delhi is the site of the principal governmental institutions of India, which has led to the incorrect use of the name New Delhi to designate Delhi.

References in periodicals archive ?
Aside from the DIILS MET to New Delhi, India, past week-long seminars have addressed:
In: XXVth National Congress of Indian Association of Medical Microbiologists; 2001 Nov 21-25; New Delhi, India New Delhi, India: Organizing Committee of the XXVth National Congress of the Indian Association of Medical Microbiologists; 2001.
Photo: (1) Richard Gere meets Monday with Karma Siju, one of six Tibetans on a hunger strike in New Delhi, India.
NEW YORK -- FORTUNE magazine launched a fully-dedicated editorial Web site for and about the upcoming FORTUNE Global Forum, set to take place October 29, 30 & 31 in New Delhi, India, with special focus on videos, blogs, panels and features.
Sigma Corporation (India) Limited, New Delhi, India, a manufacturer and exporter of automotive rubber parts, has signed a joint venture agreement with Phoenix of Germany to manufacture anti-vibration mounts and rubber parts for automobiles, as well as heavy commercial vehicles and railways, both for indigenous and overseas vehicle manufacturers.
NEW DELHI, India -- GE Energy's PulsePleat[R] filtration technology has received ecomagination certification after completing the company's rigorous environmental and operational evaluation.
Molecular analysis of Salmonella paratyphi A from an outbreak in New Delhi, India.
NEW DELHI, India -- A GE Energy Jenbacher biogas engine is powering a successful demonstration cattle manure-methane cogeneration plant at a large dairy complex in India's northwestern state of Punjab, helping to address the region's mounting energy and environmental needs.
Because a standardized reverse transcriptase-PCR test for enteroviral RNA was available at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, we screened the samples with this test.
NEW DELHI, India -- Energistics announced today their first region meeting held outside of North America and Europe.
She initially joined The Ford Foundation in 2001 as Program Officer in New Delhi, India, where she managed a grantmaking portfolio focused on building domestic philanthropy and the nonprofit sector's capacity in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka.
NEW DELHI, India -- Alphion Corporation, a privately held company, that develops, manufactures and markets communication systems, sub-systems, and integrated photonic components based on its proprietary QLight[R] technology, announced today, the establishment of research, development, customer support and manufacturing centers at Mumbai and Bangalore in India to support the rapidly growing demand for its FTTx products in Asia.