New Democratic party


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New Democratic party

(NDP), Canadian political party, founded in 1961 when the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) reorganized itself and entered into close ties with Canadian labor unions, especially the Canadian Labor Congress (CLC). The CCF, formed in 1932, began as a largely W Canadian federation of farm, labor, and socialist groups with a democratic socialist program of increased welfare measures, moderate nationalization, and government economic planning. It had some success, especially in western provinces, and was the majority party in Saskatchewan (1944–64). Since then the NDP has put less emphasis on specific socialist proposals in an attempt to broaden its appeal. Its gradual movement away from strongly socialist policies ultimately led in 2014 to the removal of references to socialism from its constitution.

Under the leadership of Thomas C. Douglas (1961–71), David Lewis (1971–75), Edward BroadbentBroadbent, Ed
(John Edward Broadbent), 1936–, Canadian political leader. After studying at the Univ. of Toronto (Ph.D., 1966) and the London School of Economics, he taught political science at York Univ.
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 (1977–89), and Audrey McLaughlin (1989–95, the first woman to head a Canadian national political party), the party improved its showing in E Canada, but its main strength remained in the west, where, since the 1970s, it has formed provincial governments at various times in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and (in the 21st cent.) Alberta. Since the 1980s the NDP also has held power at times in Ontario, Nova Scotia, and Yukon. Alexa McDonough became party leader in 1995; Jack LaytonLayton, Jack
(John Gilbert Layton), 1950–2011, Canadian political leader, grad. McGill Univ. (B.A., 1970), York Univ. (M.A., 1971; Ph.D., 1983). A social democrat from a political family, he served on the Toronto city council (1982–2003) and ran (1991) unsuccessfully
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 succeeded her in 2003. The elections of 1993, 1997, and 2000 saw the NDP's representation in Ottawa severely reduced, but those of 2004, 2006, and 2008 reversed that trend, and in 2011 the NDP won 103 seats—the second largest bloc—to become the official opposition. Seriously ill, Layton took a health leave from the leadership in mid-2011; after his death, Thomas Mulcair was elected (2012) to succeed him. The NDP suffered significant losses and placed third in the 2015 elections, and Mulcair lost the party leadership in 2016. Jagmeet Singh was elected party leader in 2017; Singh became the first member of an ethnic minority to head a Canadian national political party. In 2019 the NDP suffered further significant losses, and placed fourth in terms of seats.

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References in periodicals archive ?
(47.) Ontario, Elections Ontario, CR-1, CR-3, and CR-4 Financial Statements, Ontario New Democratic Party, Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario, and Ontario Liberal Party (1995 and 1999 Ontario General Elections).
Were Canada truly lurching leftward, the beneficiary should have been its New Democratic Party, which has traditionally been the party of populism, drawing its roots from the labor and agrarian movements.
In the Harper years, the party had lacked a dynamic leader and was eclipsed on the left by the New Democratic Party, which relegated the Liberals to No.
In the election, the Conservative Party won 99 seats, followed by the New Democratic Party with 44 seats, the Bock Quebecois with 10 seats and the Green Party with one, according to Elections Canada.
The left-leaning New Democratic Party (NDP) government's pledge to review royalties has unsettled many energy companies, which have warned uncertainty about higher costs could lead to capital flight and stall project development.
New Democratic Party Leader Thomas Mulcair decried the move "expanding a misguided war in Iraq to a dangerous new phase in Syria." "This is simply not Canada's war to fight," he said.
Opposition Democratic Party and New Democratic Party took 19 and 18 seats, respectively.
According to a report by CBC News, the provincial government's governing New Democratic Party (NDP) is facing pressure to help consumers shop around for the best price on prescription drugs.
Party, New Democratic Party of Serbia, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE),
New Democratic Party leader Thomas Mulcair and cardiologists at the hospital intervened, but she was again ordered out of the country in late August.
Tom Mulcair, a Quebecer whose New Democratic Party dominates the province federally, called the proposed charter "state-sanctioned discrimination,'' and another Quebecer, Justin Trudeau, the leader of the Liberals, accused Quebec's prime minister, Pauline Marois, of playing "divisive identity politics.''
Shulman, who died in 2000, had been a provincial member of parliament for the New Democratic Party.

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