New Democratic party


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New Democratic party

(NDP), Canadian political party, founded in 1961 when the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) reorganized itself and entered into close ties with Canadian labor unions, especially the Canadian Labor Congress (CLC). The CCF, formed in 1932, began as a largely W Canadian federation of farm, labor, and socialist groups with a democratic socialist program of increased welfare measures, moderate nationalization, and government economic planning. It had some success, especially in western provinces, and was the majority party in Saskatchewan (1944–64). Since then the NDP has put less emphasis on specific socialist proposals in an attempt to broaden its appeal. Its gradual movement away from strongly socialist policies ultimately led in 2014 to the removal of references to socialism from its constitution.

Under the leadership of Thomas C. Douglas (1961–71), David Lewis (1971–75), Edward BroadbentBroadbent, Ed
(John Edward Broadbent), 1936–, Canadian political leader. After studying at the Univ. of Toronto (Ph.D., 1966) and the London School of Economics, he taught political science at York Univ.
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 (1977–89), and Audrey McLaughlin (1989–95, the first woman to head a Canadian national political party), the party improved its showing in E Canada, but its main strength remained in the west, where, since the 1970s, it has formed provincial governments at various times in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and (in the 21st cent.) Alberta. Since the 1980s the NDP also has held power at times in Ontario, Nova Scotia, and Yukon. Alexa McDonough became party leader in 1995; Jack LaytonLayton, Jack
(John Gilbert Layton), 1950–2011, Canadian political leader, grad. McGill Univ. (B.A., 1970), York Univ. (M.A., 1971; Ph.D., 1983). A social democrat from a political family, he served on the Toronto city council (1982–2003) and ran (1991) unsuccessfully
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 succeeded her in 2003. The elections of 1993, 1997, and 2000 saw the NDP's representation in Ottawa severely reduced, but those of 2004, 2006, and 2008 reversed that trend, and in 2011 the NDP won 103 seats—the second largest bloc—to become the official opposition. Seriously ill, Layton took a health leave from the leadership in mid-2011; after his death, Thomas Mulcair was elected (2012) to succeed him. The NDP suffered significant losses and placed third in the 2015 elections, and Mulcair lost the party leadership in 2016. Jagmeet Singh was elected party leader in 2017; Singh became the first member of an ethnic minority to head a Canadian national political party.

References in periodicals archive ?
When the CCF was dealt a similar dressing-down in 1958, party leaders faced up to the sobering message and began a three-year process that ended in the New Democratic Party.
The candidates were Vaughn Granter, representing the Progressive Conservative party who defeated Mark Watton representing the Liberal Party and Rosie Myers representing the New Democratic Party.
TOKYO - New Democratic Party of Japan President Naoto Kan has picked Yoshito Sengoku as his envisaged Cabinet's chief secretary, a senior DPJ official said Friday.
As Ontario leader of the New Democratic Party, Lewis was the first to call for abortion-on-demand in 1965, even before the passage of the federal Omnibus Bill in 1969.
Prime Minister Sir James Mitchell relinquished the post of President of the ruling New Democratic Party (NDP) at its convention, reports CANA (August 20, 2000).
Yoshito Sengoku, who has been picked by Kan as his chief Cabinet secretary, told reporters earlier that the new Democratic Party of Japan president was likely to take some time to form his Cabinet.
The second session was Chaired by Myrna Driedger MLA Manitoba and consisted of a presentation by Alexa McDonough, MP and former Leader of the federal New Democratic Party.
Lee, from the conservative opposition Grand National Party, won Wednesday's presidential election by a big margin of about 5,300,000 votes over Chung Dong Young from the pro-government United New Democratic Party.
Vincent & the Grenadines on June 15 will be a straight fight between the incumbent New Democratic Party, seeking a fourth successive term, and an invigorated opposition Unity Labour Party, scenting its best opportunity in years.
TOKYO - New Democratic Party of Japan President and Prime Minister in-waiting Naoto Kan is set to launch his party's new leadership Monday, the eve of the planned inauguration of his Cabinet, with the powerful post of secretary general going to Yukio Edano.
Sullivan representing the Progressive Conservative Party and James Downey representing the New Democratic Party to contest the election.
South Korean conservative opposition candidate Lee Myung Bak won Wednesday's presidential election, trouncing Chung Don Young from the United New Democratic Party in a landslide victory that marks an end to a decade of rule by liberal presidents.

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