New Granada


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New Granada

(grənä`də), former Spanish colony, N South America. It included at its greatest extent present Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela. Between 1499 and 1510 a host of conquerors explored the Caribbean coast of Panama and South America. After 1514, Pedro Arias de Ávila was successful in assuring permanent colonization of the isthmus of Panama. At Santa Marta (1525) and Cartagena (1533), Spanish control of the Colombian coast was firmly established, and in the next few years the northern hinterland was explored. German adventurers, notably Nikolaus Federmann, penetrated the Venezuelan and Colombian llanos between 1530 and 1546. By far the greatest of the conquerors was Gonzalo Jiménez de QuesadaJiménez de Quesada, Gonzalo
, c.1499–1579, Spanish conquistador in Colombia. Chief magistrate of Santa Marta, he was commissioned to explore the Magdalena in search of El Dorado.
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, who in 1536 ascended the Magdalena River, climbed the mighty Andean cordillera, where he subdued the powerful Chibcha (an advanced native civilization), and by 1538 had founded Santa Fé de Bogotá, later known simply as BogotáBogotá
, city (1993 pop. 4,931,796), central Colombia, capital and largest city of Colombia, and capital of Cundinamarca dept. A picturesque, spacious city, Bogotá is on a high, fertile plateau (c.8,560 ft/2,610 m) in the E Andes and has a cool, moist climate.
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. He named the region El Nuevo Reino de Granada [the new kingdom of Granada]. During the next 10 years the conquest was virtually completed. No civil government was established in New Granada until 1549, when an audiencia court, a body with both executive and judicial authority, was set up in Bogotá. To further stabilize colonial government, New Granada was made a presidency (an administrative and political division headed by a governor) in 1564, and the audiencia was relegated to its proper judicial functions. Loosely attached to the viceroyalty of Peru, the presidency came to include Panama, Venezuela, and most of Colombia. Disputes with—and the great distance from—Lima led to the creation (1717) of the viceroyalty of New Granada, comprising Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela. Later the captaincy general of Venezuela and the presidency of Quito were detached, creating a political division that was to survive the revolution against Spain and the efforts of Simón Bolívar to establish a republic of Greater Colombia. The struggle for independence began in 1810, and by 1830 Venezuela and Ecuador had seceded, and the remnant (Colombia and Panama) was renamed the Republic of New Granada. This became the Republic of Colombia in 1886, from which the present Panama seceded in 1903.

Bibliography

See A. J. Kuethe, Military Reform and Society in New Granada (1978).

New Granada

1. a former Spanish presidency and later viceroyalty in South America. At its greatest extent it consisted of present-day Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador
2. the name of Colombia when it formed, with Panama, part of Great Colombia (1819--30)
References in periodicals archive ?
Part 3 highlights the role of mosquitoes in supporting slave revolts in Suriname, revolutionary movements in the southern colonies of North America, New Granada, St.
Later in the year, Bolivar--who had fled first to Curacao and then to Cartagena--crossed into Venezuela from the west with backing from an independent government established in New Granada.
While gathering information on slave labor in the gold mines of Spanish New Granada, the author also incorporated research from the historical archive of the Universidad del Cuaca in Popayan.
The new Granada flights, subject to government approval for the first six months, will depart from Costa Rica's Liberia and touch down less than six kilometers from Granada every day except Tuesday.
But the actress's new Granada contract classes her as self- employed which means she only gets paid if she turns up for work.
5] In fact, specialized academic research about these crimes in the particular case of New Granada and the rest of colonial Spanish America is limited.
The new Granada deal means that TV3 will have exclusive Irish access to some of some of the most popular programmes in Ireland, including Coronation Street, Emmerdale, London's Burning and Heartbeat.
Houllier is using the Kop's new Granada connections to sort out his team's faults with the help of some modern day hi-tech magic.
ITV stepped in and 15 million viewers speedily gave it the highest audience figures for any new Granada production in the last 10 years.
The sordid sex begins within seconds of the start of the new Granada series.
The new Granada public library is a big white box approximately 40 m wide and 60 m long which is crammed tight into its site in the Alfoz area of the city.
Montejo, who is based in Miami, Florida, is a graduate of New Granada Military University and holds a BS in Economics with a minor in Statistics.