New Madrid


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New Madrid

(mă`drĭd), city (2000 pop. 3,334), seat of New Madrid co., extreme SE Mo., on Mississippi River at the sweeping New Madrid Bend; inc. 1808. A river port, the city is protected by high levees; cotton, wood products, and telecommunications shelters are produced, and aluminum is processed. Laid out (1789) when under Spanish rule, the city has been moved several times as the Mississippi has shifted, and the original townsite is under the river. In the Civil War, Federal troops captured New Madrid before taking (1862) nearby Island No. 10Island No. 10,
former island in the Mississippi River, between NW Tenn. and SE Mo.; site of an important western campaign of the Civil War. With the advance of Union Gen. U. S. Grant up the Tennessee River, all Confederate positions, except New Madrid and Island No.
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 (now vanished).

The city has given its name to the New Madrid Fault System, which runs SW to NE from NE Arkansas and W Tennessee through SE Missouri and W Kentucky into S Illinois. Numerous earthquakes have occurred in this seismic zone, most notably the severe earthquakes of 1811 and 1812, a time when the region was still thinly populated. The three quakes reversed the flow of the Mississippi, created Reelfort Lake in Tennessee, rang church bells in Boston, and were felt in Canada and Charleston, S.C.

Bibliography

See studies by J. L. Penick (rev. ed., 1982), M. L. Fuller (4th ed., 1995), and J. Feldman (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
The counties now eligible to apply for Public Assistance are Boone, Cape Girardeau, Mississippi, New Madrid, Pemiscot, Ste.
The "Wildest Dreams" singer decided to brighten up the Christmas of her 96-year-old fan, Cyrus Porter, by showing up at his home in New Madrid, Missouri.
Noranda Aluminum, which initiated bankruptcy proceedings in February, has received court approval for the sale of its New Madrid, Missouri, aluminum smelter and facilities to ARG International for a purchase price of $13.
Bale's rise to become a double Champions League winner and a key performer for new Madrid coach Zinedine Zidane has given Wales an extra dimension as they look to book a place in the knockout phase.
Ancelotti even compared Isco's style and potential to Zidane, but the new Madrid boss has been shocked by the playmaker's lack of application and poor attitude since he took over.
California is well known for its faults, such as the San Andreas, but Missouri is also in one of the nation's high hazard areas, situated right next to the slumbering New Madrid seismic zone.
Tuesday sent a large plume of smoke above the Noranda Aluminum plant near the town of Marston in New Madrid County, about 170 miles south of St.
Shoptaw's free verse and narrative poetry guides us from the Mississippi's headwaters in Lake Itasca to its delta in the Gulf of Mexico, weaving together episodes in the life of the river system; the New Madrid earthquakes; the 1927 flood; the EPA's eradication of the dioxin-laced town of Times Beach; each arising from his own memories of growing up in the Missouri Bootheel: picking cotton, being baptized in a drainage ditch, and working in a lumber mill.
Porcel will be based in Etihad's new Madrid office, where he will lead the airline's Spanish commercial operations.
He has appeared in The Caribbean Writer, HEArt Journal, Review Americana, DMQ Review, The View From Here, New Madrid Review, The Honey Land Review, Pif Magazine, The Other Journal, and elsewhere.
The last of the New Madrid (MO) earthquakes, presumed to rank about 7.
In 1811, the first of the powerful New Madrid earthquakes struck the central Mississippi Valley with an estimated magnitude of 7.