New Ireland

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New Ireland,

volcanic island (1990 pop. 64,615), c.3,340 sq mi (8,650 sq km), SW Pacific, in the Bismarck ArchipelagoBismarck Archipelago,
volcanic island group, 19,200 sq mi (49,730 sq km), SW Pacific, a part of Papua New Guinea. The group includes New Britain (the largest island), New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, the Mussau Islands, New Hanover, the Vitu Islands, and the Duke of York
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, part of Papua New Guinea. New Ireland is largely mountainous, rising to c.4,000 ft (1,220 m). Much of the island is under cultivation, especially the east coast. Kavieng is the chief town and port. The island was first sighted in 1616 but until 1797 was thought to be part of New Britain, from which it is separated by a 20-mi (32-km) channel. The island was a German protectorate from 1884 to 1914 and was called Neu Mecklenburg (New Mecklenburg) by the Germans.

New Ireland

 

a volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean, in the Bismarck Archipelago, part of Papua New Guinea. Area, 8,600 sq km. Population, 50,700 (1970), including adjacent islands. New Ireland has mountain massifs rising to 2,150 m, framed by coastal lowlands. The climate is hot and humid. Average monthly temperatures range from 25° to 28°C, and the annual precipitation exceeds 2,000 mm. The island is covered with equatorial rain forests. The main crop is coconuts. The chief city and port is Kavieng. The island was given its present name in 1767 by the British explorer P. Carteret.

New Ireland

an island in the S Pacific, in the Bismarck Archipelago, separated from New Britain by St George's Channel: part of Papua New Guinea. Chief town and port: Kavieng. Pop.: 87 194 (1990.). Area (including adjacent islands): 9850 sq. km (3800 sq. miles)
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