New Netherland

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New Netherland,

territory included in a commercial grant by the government of Holland to the Dutch West India CompanyDutch West India Company,
trading and colonizing company, chartered by the States-General of the Dutch republic in 1621 and organized in 1623. Through its agency New Netherland was founded.
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 in 1621. Colonists were settled along the Hudson River region; in 1624 the first permanent settlement was established at Fort Orange (now Albany, N.Y.). The principal settlement in the tract after 1625 was New Amsterdam (later New York City) at the southern end of Manhattan island, which was purchased from Native Americans in 1626. Colonization proceeded slowly, hampered by trouble with the native people, poor administration, and rivalry with New England settlers. After 1655 the former territory of New SwedenNew Sweden,
Swedish colony (1638–55), on the Delaware River; included parts of what are now Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. With the support of Swedish statesman Axel Oxenstierna, Admiral Klas Fleming (a Finn), and Peter Minuit (a Dutchman), the New Sweden Company
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, along the lower Delaware River, was also part of the colony. In 1664 the colony was taken by the English, who divided most of it into the two colonies of New York and New Jersey.


See R. Shorto, The Island at the Center of the World (2004); J. Jacobs, The Colony of New Netherland (2009).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

New Netherland


in the 17th century, the name for the Dutch colonial possessions in North America. New Netherland occupied the territory between the Connecticut and Delaware rivers and at the mouth of the Hudson River. The first Dutch trading posts were established in 1613. In 1621 control of the colonies passed to the Dutch West India Company. In 1664 the English captured the main city of New Amsterdam, renaming it New York, and the outlying Dutch colonies. As a result of the war between the English and the Dutch (1672–74), English supremacy in New Netherland was secured.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

New Netherland

a Dutch North American colony of the early 17th century, centred on the Hudson valley. Captured by the English in 1664, it was divided into New York and New Jersey
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Jesse de Forest died in Guinea while searching for a home to practise religion freely, and his sons and son-in-law later settled in New Netherland.
(44) That is a long way from the founding of New Netherland. (45) Seven Northern provinces of the Netherlands, including Holland, revolted against Spanish rule and formed the Union of Utrecht in 1579 as the founding document of the Dutch Republic.
Meuwese tells of this in admirably researched and balanced chapters on such places as the kingdom of Kongo, the captaincies of Brazil, and the trading posts of New Netherland. The four contact zones offer him the opportunity to make detailed comparisons among them while presenting an overview that is comprehensive and persuasive.
Woodard argues that politics has become a struggle for power between two antagonistic national coalitions: a northern and far-western alliance of Yankeedom, New Netherland, El Norte, and the Left Coast versus a southern league composed of Tidewater, Greater Appalachia, the Deep South, and the Mountain West.
Yankeedom, New Netherland, and the Left Coast have faced off against the Deep South, Tidewater, Greater Appalachia, and the Far West over civil rights, the Vietnam and Iraq wars, the environmental and gay rights movements, health care and financial reform, and the last three presidential elections.
What I argue is that tolerance was an important factor underlying the society that developed in New Netherland, especially in New Amsterdam; that without it New York City would not have become what it did; and that van der Donck was instrumental in advancing the colony.
A 1626 report by the Director and Council of New Netherland best describes the reasons: "Many servants daily run away from their masters, whereby the latter are put to great inconvenience and expense; the corn and tobacco rot in the field, the whole harvest is at a standstill, which tends to the serious injury of this country, to their master's ruin, and to bring the magistracy into contempt." (2) To correct this, the Dutch West India Company instituted the following policy: "In like manner, the incorporated West India Company shall allot to each patroon twelve men and women out of the prize in which Negroes shall be found, for the advancement of the colonies of New Netherland." (3)
And New Netherland remained sparsely inhabited with Dutch immigrants, which is not surprising.
Many Algonquian nations were too embittered, having lost too much in the war, and most Dutch in New Netherland and the United Provinces came to see the war as a shameful blot on Dutch cultural reputation.
Shorto spent ten years perusing a cache of archaic Dutch-language documents, just now being translated by the New Netherland Project headed by Charles Gehring, based at the New York State Library.
During the first Anglo-Dutch war of 1652-1654 Oliver Cromwell planned to attack New Netherland with the help of the New England colonists but the plan was never carried out.
Peltries or Plantations: The Economic Policies of the Dutch West India Company in New Netherland, 1623-1639.