New Netherland

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New Netherland,

territory included in a commercial grant by the government of Holland to the Dutch West India CompanyDutch West India Company,
trading and colonizing company, chartered by the States-General of the Dutch republic in 1621 and organized in 1623. Through its agency New Netherland was founded.
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 in 1621. Colonists were settled along the Hudson River region; in 1624 the first permanent settlement was established at Fort Orange (now Albany, N.Y.). The principal settlement in the tract after 1625 was New Amsterdam (later New York City) at the southern end of Manhattan island, which was purchased from Native Americans in 1626. Colonization proceeded slowly, hampered by trouble with the native people, poor administration, and rivalry with New England settlers. After 1655 the former territory of New SwedenNew Sweden,
Swedish colony (1638–55), on the Delaware River; included parts of what are now Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. With the support of Swedish statesman Axel Oxenstierna, Admiral Klas Fleming (a Finn), and Peter Minuit (a Dutchman), the New Sweden Company
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, along the lower Delaware River, was also part of the colony. In 1664 the colony was taken by the English, who divided most of it into the two colonies of New York and New Jersey.


See R. Shorto, The Island at the Center of the World (2004); J. Jacobs, The Colony of New Netherland (2009).

New Netherland


in the 17th century, the name for the Dutch colonial possessions in North America. New Netherland occupied the territory between the Connecticut and Delaware rivers and at the mouth of the Hudson River. The first Dutch trading posts were established in 1613. In 1621 control of the colonies passed to the Dutch West India Company. In 1664 the English captured the main city of New Amsterdam, renaming it New York, and the outlying Dutch colonies. As a result of the war between the English and the Dutch (1672–74), English supremacy in New Netherland was secured.

New Netherland

a Dutch North American colony of the early 17th century, centred on the Hudson valley. Captured by the English in 1664, it was divided into New York and New Jersey
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Africa, the Caribbean, Brazil, and New Netherland constitute his four contact zones.
Yankeedom, New Netherland, and the Left Coast have faced off against the Deep South, Tidewater, Greater Appalachia, and the Far West over civil rights, the Vietnam and Iraq wars, the environmental and gay rights movements, health care and financial reform, and the last three presidential elections.
The influence of Dutch tolerance in North America came not through any grand ideals in the hearts of the population of New Netherland but because, at various periods in the course of the seventeenth century, religious toleration was official policy in the homeland.
By 1627, a total of fourteen Africans had arrived in Dutch New Netherland and this initially slow trickle became a torrent over the course of the next half century.
That, laments Merwick, was "the shame and the sorrow" of New Netherland.
Peltries or Plantations: The Economic Policies of the Dutch West India Company in New Netherland, 1623-1639.
This second volume in a set of works showcasing research on the New Netherland colony in North America and Dutch colonial settlements, presents papers drawn from annual seminars on the subject.
HISTORIANS have neglected a seventeenth-century hero whose actions and words laid the groundwork for America's democratic diversity and religious toleration--at least that is the theme of a best-selling history of the Dutch colony of New Netherland, the predecessor of New York.
Although his journey was a failure, his journey fostered the establishment of New Netherland in 1624.
Light on New Netherland has been to the NYS Museum in Albany and the Museum of Connecticut History in Hartford.
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In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant arrived in New Amsterdam to become governor of New Netherland.