New Netherland

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New Netherland,

territory included in a commercial grant by the government of Holland to the Dutch West India CompanyDutch West India Company,
trading and colonizing company, chartered by the States-General of the Dutch republic in 1621 and organized in 1623. Through its agency New Netherland was founded.
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 in 1621. Colonists were settled along the Hudson River region; in 1624 the first permanent settlement was established at Fort Orange (now Albany, N.Y.). The principal settlement in the tract after 1625 was New Amsterdam (later New York City) at the southern end of Manhattan island, which was purchased from Native Americans in 1626. Colonization proceeded slowly, hampered by trouble with the native people, poor administration, and rivalry with New England settlers. After 1655 the former territory of New SwedenNew Sweden,
Swedish colony (1638–55), on the Delaware River; included parts of what are now Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. With the support of Swedish statesman Axel Oxenstierna, Admiral Klas Fleming (a Finn), and Peter Minuit (a Dutchman), the New Sweden Company
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, along the lower Delaware River, was also part of the colony. In 1664 the colony was taken by the English, who divided most of it into the two colonies of New York and New Jersey.


See R. Shorto, The Island at the Center of the World (2004); J. Jacobs, The Colony of New Netherland (2009).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

New Netherland


in the 17th century, the name for the Dutch colonial possessions in North America. New Netherland occupied the territory between the Connecticut and Delaware rivers and at the mouth of the Hudson River. The first Dutch trading posts were established in 1613. In 1621 control of the colonies passed to the Dutch West India Company. In 1664 the English captured the main city of New Amsterdam, renaming it New York, and the outlying Dutch colonies. As a result of the war between the English and the Dutch (1672–74), English supremacy in New Netherland was secured.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

New Netherland

a Dutch North American colony of the early 17th century, centred on the Hudson valley. Captured by the English in 1664, it was divided into New York and New Jersey
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
New Netherland's neighbors to the north, in Massachusetts, and to the south, in Virginia, were English.
These authors have found resonance by drawing the historiography of New Netherlands into that of the early U.S.
Southwest of New Netherlands, along the Delaware, New Sweden had barely gotten going when it was conquered by the Dutch, and it might hardly be worth mention but for its one, somewhat surprising, impact on the future of America: the Finns.
* The new Netherlands company's debt-to-equity ratios of 14.1 to 1 in 1996 and 26.2 to 1 in 1997 indicated that it would have been highly unlikely to get a loan as large as that under the AAs.
When New Netherlands became New York, the British established the first universal code of laws defining the status of enslaved Africans in the colony.
Along with Resolved's wife Tennake and their children a wide cast of all nationalities and religions reside in the New Netherlands eventually called Manhattan.
Revisiting New Netherlands; perpectives on early Dutch America.
Founded in 1624 by Dutch settlers, New Amsterdam was the capital of the larger colony of New Netherlands, located on an island off the northeast coast of North America.
When the English took New Netherlands from the Dutch, it allowed settlers to keep most of their property and traditions, including slavery.
While New York City ceded the property to the Federal government almost exactly 200 years ago on February 15, 1800, it had been used since 1624 as a fort, and officially purchased by the Dutch Governor of New Netherlands in 1637 from the Manahatas Indians for "two ax heads, a string of beads and a few nails."
An assimilationist and anglocentric view, emphasizing the Virginian and Massachusetts experiences, recently has sparked balancing studies which provide the Dutch New Netherlands, and the middle colonies in general, with the attention they deserve.
Bitter Feast, which was awarded the Prix Lionel-Groulx in 1986, is an account of the collision of the European and Amerindian societies from the time of the arrival of permanent European settlers in the northeastern part of North America until the Dutch colonial effort in New Netherlands was uprooted by the English in 1664.