New Sweden


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New Sweden,

Swedish colony (1638–55), on the Delaware River; included parts of what are now Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. With the support of Swedish statesman Axel Oxenstierna, Admiral Klas Fleming (a Finn), and Peter MinuitMinuit, Peter
, c.1580–1638, first director-general of New Netherland, b. Wesel (then the duchy of Cleves). Sent by the Dutch West India Company to take charge of its holdings in America, Minuit purchased (1626) Manhattan from the Native Americans for trade goods costing
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 (a Dutchman), the New Sweden Company was organized in Sweden in 1633. Two ships (the Kalmar Nyckel and the Fogel Grip), commanded by Minuit, reached the Delaware River in Mar., 1638. Minuit immediately bought land from the Native Americans and founded Fort Christina, where Wilmington, Del., stands. In 1643, Tinicum Island (at Philadelphia) became the colony's capital. About half of the colonists were Finns. Peter StuyvesantStuyvesant, Peter
, c.1610–1672, Dutch director-general of New Netherland. He served as governor of Curaçao and lost a leg in an expedition against St. Martin before succeeding Willem Kieft in New Netherland.
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, with a Dutch force larger than the population of New Sweden, took the little colony in 1655.
References in periodicals archive ?
Southwest of New Netherlands, along the Delaware, New Sweden had barely gotten going when it was conquered by the Dutch, and it might hardly be worth mention but for its one, somewhat surprising, impact on the future of America: the Finns.
Much more satisfying is Bailyn's recreation of New Sweden along the Delaware River, with its Mennonite settlers, and the visionary Pieter Plockhoy's passionate plans for human equality.
The Swansea clash will be only the second match for new Sweden coach Erik Hamren, who is combining the job with his role as boss of Rosenborg until August when he takes over full-time as national coach.
In other words, Bulgaria would turn into a new Sweden or United Kingdom and never join the eurozone, a scenario under which European institutions would lose the most.
Wallander gets assistance from a new cop a woman who represents a new era in police work and a new Sweden where "crime became more frequent and more serious...we started finding criminals among people who had previously been irreproachable citizens...but what set it off?
New Sweden striker Rade Prica, 27, has already demonstrated the no-nonsense 'low maintenance' attitude Keane wants.
(Even Mattias Andersson recently mentored five young people to write texts about identity and prejudice, raising questions about "the new Sweden"--does it exist?
Colonialism in the margins; cultural encounters in new Sweden and Lapland.
Swedish historian Gunlog Fur makes a significant intervention into the feminist discourse on ethnographic "margins" in her essay, "Reading Margins: Colonial Encounters in Sapmi and Lenapehoking in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries." Despite the very brief mentions of Native women in accounts of New Sweden in the Delaware valley of the United States and of Sapmi, or Lappland, in northern Scandinavia, Fur finds compelling evidence for the centrality of these women's stories to our understanding of colonial encounters.
The section on the relationship between Swedish and German churchmen during Muhlenberg's time was especially interesting since it was written by a non-Lutheran, nontheologian Quaker lawyer whose Swedish family dated back to the New Sweden colony.
Under the Dutch navigator Peter Minuit (see 1627), a party of Swedes set up the colony of New Sweden, in what is now the state of Delaware.
Nevertheless, all institutions house private archives that might contain valuable information (at least Uppsala County archives stores primary sources for New Sweden research).

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