Surpassing almost 1,900 other applicants from around the world, .shabaka (which translates to .web in English) will become the world's first borderless new Top-Level Domain
and will provide Arabic speaking Internet users with an alternative to non-Arabic Internet namespaces such as .com, .net and .org.
Postel suggested that IANA authorize up to 150 new generic top-level domains to be operated by new registries."(75) As the proposal went through successive iterations, IANA and the Internet Society(76) formed an elaborate, internationally based "Internet Ad Hoc Committee" (IAHC) to consider the question of adding new top-level domains
. The IAHC included representation from, among others, the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), the International Trademark Association (INTA), and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).(77) The INTA representative urged that the number of proposed new domains be cut considerably.(78) Under pressure, the IAHC ultimately generated a proposal for the addition of just seven new top-level domains
as an initial matter.(79)
The recent request to bring six new top-level domain
suffixes -- .firm, .shop, .web, .arts, .rec, .info, .nom -- as an international standard has been passed back by the U.S.
New top-level domain
(TLD) names, such as .com, .org or .net, are being issued frequently and the .bank name is available exclusively to approved members of the financial services industry on a first-come, first-serve basis.
A new top-level domain
name has been launched in Arabic.
dotShabaka was approved by Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers' (ICANN) as the new Top-Level Domain
(TLD) in March to expand the web address system.
Digital Agenda Commissioner Neelie Kroes has stepped up pressure on the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) ahead of a meeting, on 17-21 November, that is expected to decide the fate of the new top-level domain
names .wine' and .vin'.
The launch of .shabaka is part of the new Top-Level Domain
program which is being rolled out by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the global regulator of web addresses.
This week, the new top-level domain
.mobi was born.
"If a new top-level domain
doesn't provide some level of specificity it won't be all that useful," McLaughlin contends.
Sometime during the next year or so ICANN is expected to introduce new top-level domain
registries and NSI is expected to apply to become one of those as well.