New Trade Unions

New Trade Unions

 

a name given the trade unions that arose in Great Britain in the late 1880’s and early 1890’s, during an upsurge in the workers’ movement. The “new” trade unions were affiliated, for the most part, with the left wing of the workers’ movement. The first of the major new trade unions were the gas workers’ union and the dockworkers’ union, both founded in 1889. In contrast to the “old” trade unions, which as a rule united workers of a single craft, the new trade unions were constituted on an industry-wide basis. Workers of various crafts in a single branch of industry could thus be members of a single union. The new trade unions opened their ranks to unskilled workers, who until then had remained outside the trade union movement. Later, under the influence of the new trade unions, other unions also accepted unskilled workers as members.

The new trade unions promoted involvement of broad strata of the workers in mass activity and strengthened the trade unions in general during their transformation into nationwide organizations. After the beginning of World War I (1914–18), the new trade unions gradually lost those features that had earlier distinguished them from the other English trade unions.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 37, p. 269.
Morton, A. L., and G. Tate. Istoriia angliiskogo rabochego dvizheniia: 1770–1920. Moscow, 1959. (Translated from English.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Egypt is working on two important labour laws: the labour code and the new trade unions law on which it has been working on for the last five to six years.
Rizaov advises the Minister not to organize new trade unions or counter-protests because people with common sense are laughing at him.
In the late 1980s, particularly after the fall of the Berlin Wall, when the new trade unions started emerging, the majority of workers were asked, for the first time in their life, if they wanted to be union members.
On the accord's first page, the government pledged to "guarantee and ensure complete respect for the independence and self-government of the new trade unions,"(2) and reinforced that pledge with other language, for example, basing the creation and operation of the new unions on guarantees found not only in International Labor Organization Convention 87 on the freedom of association, but also in ILO Convention 98 on the right to organize and to bargain collectively.