New York Public Library

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New York Public Library,

free library supported by private endowments and gifts and by the city and state of New York. It is the one of largest libraries in the world. The library was created by a 1895 law consolidating older reference libraries established by bequests of John Jacob AstorAstor, John Jacob,
1822–90, American financier, b. New York City, educated at Columbia and Göttingen universities and at Harvard law school; son of William Backhouse Astor (1792–1875).
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 (1848) and James LenoxLenox, James
, 1800–1880, American bibliophile and philanthropist, b. New York City. Lenox was a founder of the Presbyterian Hospital, New York City. He amassed a fine collection of paintings and books that, as the Lenox Library, became part of the New York Public Library
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 (1876), with the Tilden Trust. In 1897 New York City agreed to build and equip a central building on the site of the Croton reservoir on Fifth Ave. between 40th and 42d St. The building, designed by J. M. Carrère and Thomas Hastings, was completed in 1911. The branch system absorbed several independently endowed circulating libraries, and 39 branches were built with money donated by Andrew Carnegie in 1901.

In addition to the main building, collections are also housed at a second midtown branch, an annex for newspapers and patents, and 82 branch libraries. A circulating and reference branch devoted entirely to the performing arts is located at Lincoln Center for the Performing ArtsLincoln Center for the Performing Arts,
in central Manhattan, New York City, between 62d and 66th streets W of Broadway. Lincoln Center is both a complex of buildings and the arts organizations that reside there.
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, and the Schomberg Center for Research in Black Culture is one of the finest collections of its kind in the world. The enormous and fully computerized Science, Industry, and Business Library, located at Madison Avenue and 34th Street in midtown, opened in 1996. The largest project undertaken by the library since 1911, it features a variety of traditional and ultramodern facilities and resources. In 1999 the library opened its Center for Scholars and Writers in a suite at the main building. Directed by historian Peter Gay, the Center draws on library collections to foster creative writing and thinking, advance scholarship, and sponsor public events, and appoints 15 participating fellows annually.

The research library contains more than 10,000,000 volumes. The library has especially fine collections on Americana, art, economics, folklore, music, black history and literature, New York City, Jewish history, and Semitic languages. It has an excellent newspaper collection and is an important collector and holder of prints, manuscripts, first editions, and rare books, including the Berg collection of English and American literature.


See histories by H. M. Lydenberg (1923, repr. 1972) and P. Dain (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Nominees to the NYS Writers Hall of Fame were chosen by a selection committee comprised of leading professionals in the fields of education, libraries and publishing, including Rocco Staino, who announced the winners on February 5, 2015, at the New York Library Association headquarters in Guilderland, N.
Beckham traded her usual show space at the New York Library for the immaculate white of the Cafe Rouge hall - before the show she tweeted pictures of white booties she made people wear to keep the floor clean as they prepared.
For instance, if we finally acquire a big collection on one choreographer or one composer, then we [are advised to] go to the New York Library to see it, or to go to Cairo to meet the artists and so on.
After previewing her Autumn / Winter 2012 collection to a packed house at the New York Library on Sunday morning 12[sup.
Helen was a librarian in the New York Library System spending many years at the 42nd St.
pounds 209,000 fine due on two books borrowed by first USA president George Washington from a New York library in 1789 and found 210 years later.
She edited the "Encyclopedia of African American Women Writers," which was named a New York Library Association Best of Reference, and she is currently editing "Icons of African American Literature.
Looking to ward off danger, I browse the eighth floor of the New York Library for some composite rite, a wrist-length of red thread, eblouissements to blind intervening shadows.
New York, May 20 (ANI): A book that George Washington borrowed 221 years ago from a New York library has was finally returned to its rightful place.
in Library Science from Columbia University, and began his career as a music librarian at the New York Library for the Performing Arts at Lincoln Center.
They then attracted little attention in the New York library, until Dr David Evans, of Bangor University's School of Music, and post graduate researchers Graeme Cotterill and Mark Hirst, decided to work on the transcription and editing of the music they contained.
The 12-story property boasts 24-hour security and is located next to the New York library and Bryant Park.

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