Newar

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Newar

 

a people inhabiting the valley of Katmandu in Nepal; some Newar live in urban areas in the eastern and western parts of the country. Population in Nepal, about 550,000 (1971, estimate). Small groups have also settled in India. The language of the Newar is Newari (Nepal Bhasa); it is used for literature and newspapers. A considerable number of Newar also speak Nepali. Buddhism, the religion of the Newar, has been strongly influenced by Hinduism. The Newar are the descendants of the ancient population of Nepal. In the Middle Ages they formed several feudal principalities. Their main occupations are land cultivation and livestock raising. Various handicrafts are well developed; the Newar are widely known for their jewelry.

REFERENCES

Red’ko, I. B. Nepal posle vtoroi mirovoi voiny. Moscow, 1960.
Kostinskii, D. N. Nepal. Moscow, 1960.
Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Nepali, G. S. The Newars: An Ethno-sociological Study of a Himalayan Community. Bombay, 1965. M. K. KUDRIAVTSEV
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also the women in the villages that give them [ANMs] sometimes do not give them right and we would get sick." Another woman simply observed, "I had so many children because I didn't have family planning." By contrast, access to contraception was not an issue for our Newar informants.
Specially talking about the Newar community, the Guthi tradition is the lifeline of its culture.
The New Year is called Newar since it is associated with the Newar community of Nepal.
Remaking Buddhism for medieval Nepal; the fifteenth-century reformation of Newar Buddhism.
Religious and ritual life in Newar society is highly guided by calendrical festivals.
Kathmandu, May 31 -- The joint action committee for Newa Autonomous state on Sunday organised a torch rally in various places across the country demanding that the government declare Kathmandu Valley a 'Newar autonomous state' and mark June 1 as black day.
Gutschow and Michaels include a film by Christian Bau (Handling Death with their accounts of Hindu rituals in which the Newar people honor their ancestors and, eventually, join them.
Buddhism in Nepal has traditionally been of two forms: First, Tibetan Buddhism, mainly of the Nyingma tradition, found among the ethnically Tibetan peoples along the northern border plus the Tamangs and secondly, the Buddhism of the Newar people of the Kathmandu Valley This is also Mahayana and Tantric Buddhism but with direct links to the ancient Indian tradition.
The cupola with its six layers is assigned to the World of men (narabhaga), while the socle is the World of the Deceased (pretabhaga) --which are the forms of existence a Newar Buddhist will recognize.