Newburgh

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Newburgh

(no͞o`bərg, nyo͞o`–), city (1990 pop. 26,454), Orange co., SE N.Y., on the west bank of the Hudson River, opposite Beacon; settled 1709 by Palatine Germans, inc. 1800. The city has become an area wholesale and trucking center that ships fruit and dairy products. Manufactures include transportation equipment, machinery, scientific instruments, apparel, and plastic and metal products. Newburgh has many historic structures, and serious preservation efforts began in the 1990s. Hasbrouck House (1750; now a museum) was Washington's headquarters from Apr., 1782, to Aug., 1783. It was in Newburgh that the Continental Army was disbanded. Mt. St. Mary College is in the city. West PointWest Point,
U.S. military post, since 1802 seat of the United States Military Academy. On the high west bank of the Hudson River N of New York City, West Point was the site of Revolutionary forts guarding the Hudson. Constitution Island, in the river, is also in the reservation.
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 is located a few miles to the south.