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Newcastle,city (1991 pop. 262,331), New South Wales, SE Australia, on the Pacific Ocean. It is the center of one of the country's largest coal-mining areas and is a large port. Coal, wool, iron and steel, and wheat are exported. The city has steel mills and shipyards; chemicals, glass, fertilizer, and textiles are also produced. The first permanent settlement on the site was made in 1804. The Univ. of Newcastle is in the city.
Newcastle,town (1991 pop. 5,711), E central N.B., Canada, on the Miramichi River. Located in a lumbering region, it has sawmills and a large pulp mill. Newcastle was the birthplace of the Canadian leader Peter Mitchell and was the boyhood home of Lord Beaverbrook.
a city in Australia, located in the state of New South Wales. Population, 351,000 (1971, including suburbs). A port on the Tasman Sea at the mouth of the Hunter River. The city has a railroad station and is the center of a large coal basin. Local industries include ferrous metallurgy, shipbuilding, and the manufacture of automotive vehicles and chemicals. Coal is exported.
a city in the eastern part of the Republic of South Africa, located in Natal Province, near the foothills of the Drakensberg Mountains. Linked by railroad with the port of Durban. Population, 17,500 (1970). Newcastle is a center for mining coking coal. A metallurgical plant is located there.