Newcastle upon Tyne

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Newcastle upon Tyne,

city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 199,064), NE England, on the Tyne River. The city is an important shipping and trade center. The famous coal-shipping industry began in the 13th cent.; coal, however, was exceeded by wool exports until the 16th cent. A number of heavy industries are also there, such as shipbuilding, marine machinery and equipment, defense equipment, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The city experienced an industrial revival in the 1990s with industries manufacturing computer components, motor vehicles, and household appliances. Several bridges cross the Tyne to GatesheadGateshead
, metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 91,429), NE England, on the Tyne River opposite Newcastle upon Tyne. Service industries, light engineering, paints, refrigeration, heating, and air conditioning equipment, ordnance, and wire and cable are among the city's industries.
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, including the tilting, arc-shaped Gateshead Millenium Bridge for pedestrians and cyclists.

The city rests on the site of the Roman military station Pons Aelii, at Hadrian's WallHadrian's Wall,
ancient Roman wall, 73.5 mi (118.3 km) long, across the narrow part of the island of Great Britain from Wallsend on the Tyne River to Bowness at the head of Solway Firth. It was mainly built from c.A.D.
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. Later the site was occupied by the Angles until the Norman conquest. In 1080, Robert IIRobert II
(Robert Curthose), c.1054–1134, duke of Normandy (1087–1106); eldest son of King William I of England. Aided by King Philip I of France, he rebelled (1077) against his father. Father and son became reconciled, but Robert was later exiled.
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, duke of Normandy and eldest son of William the Conqueror, had a fortified castle built (from which Newcastle takes its name). The castle was besieged and repaired several times; the oldest remaining parts date from 1177. The city walls, of which traces and towers remain, are attributed to Edward I. For 10 months in 1646, Charles ICharles I,
1600–1649, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625–49), second son of James I and Anne of Denmark. Early Life

He became heir to the throne on the death of his older brother Henry in 1612 and was made prince of Wales in 1616.
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 was a prisoner in Newcastle.

The Cathedral of St. Nicholas dates partly from the 14th cent. Other notable old buildings include Trinity Almshouse (1492) and the Royal Grammar School, founded in the 16th cent. Among the many educational institutions are the Univ. of Newcastle upon Tyne, formerly King's College.

Newcastle Upon Tyne


a city in Great Britain, and the administrative center of the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear. Population, 222,200 (1971). The city is a transportation junction and port at the mouth of the Tyne River, near the point where it flows into the North Sea. It is the center of the Tyneside conurbation. The chief industries are shipbuilding, ship repair, and the production of electrical equipment, boilers, turbines, ship’s engines, and mining equipment. It is also a commercial and financial center. A university was established in the city in 1963, and the city has a museum of science and industry in which G. Stephenson’s steam locomotive is exhibited.

Remains of the Roman Wall (second century) and city walls dating from 1265 have survived. The city layout was unplanned until the early 19th century, when certain streets were redesigned by the architects J. Dobson and R. Grainger. Noteworthy sites include a Romanesque castle (c. 1080), a dungeon (1172–77), the Black Gate (mid-13th century), a late Gothic cathedral (c. 1216–1359, with a tower dating from the second third of the 15th century), and the town hall (mid-17th century, architect, R. Trollop). The city has a two-level iron bridge, built between 1845 and 1849 by the engineer R. Stephenson. A notable example of modern architecture is the shipbuilding company’s building (1943–52), designed by the architect R. Sheppard.


Middlebrook, S. Newcastle Upon Tyne. Newcastle Upon Tyne, 1950.

Newcastle upon Tyne

1. a port in NE England in Newcastle upon Tyne unitary authority, Tyne and Wear, near the mouth of the River Tyne opposite Gateshead: Roman remains; engineering industries, including ship repairs; two universities (1937, 1992). Pop.: 189 863 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in NE England, in Tyne and Wear. Pop.: 266 600 (2003 est.). Area: 112 sq. km (43 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Babiker Elawad, Consultant in Genitourinary Medicine, Newcastle General Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
2) Order 2018" authorising the stopping up of the whole of the unnamed footpath connecting Cloth Market to Cathedral Square at Newcastle upon Tyne, in the City of Newcastle upon Tyne to enable development as permitted by Newcastle upon Tyne City Council, reference 2016/1696/01/DET.
Dated: 6 October 2017 L Scott, Service Manager Democratic Services, Civic Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8QH MARINE AND COASTAL ACCESS ACT 2009 APPLICATION FOR Port of Sunderland - Tall Ships Event Notice is hereby given that the Port of Sunderland has applied to the Marine Management Organisation under the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, Part 4, for a marine licence to undertake installation of temporary mooring pontoons and gangways, and disposal of dredged material.
Documents giving more detailed particulars of the Order (including draft Order, map and a statement of the Council's reasons for proposing to make the Order), and the 2009 Order, may be inspected free of charge at - (a) the Outer West Customer Service Centre, Denton Park Shopping Centre, West Denton Way, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE5 2QZ between 10am and 2pm on Tuesday, 10am and 6pm on Thursday and 10am and 5pm on Friday (closed on Monday and Wednesday); (b) Customer Services, Central Library, Charles Avison Building, 33 New Bridge Street West, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8AX between 10.
With the availability of immature cord blood stem cells -- like the MLPC -- whose differentiation characteristics are more closely aligned with those of embryonic stem cells, the stigma of 'limited functionality' that once surrounded these cells is on its way to being erased," said Professor Colin McGuckin, chair of regenerative medicine at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne and senior investigator of the study.
Comments about the following application(s) must be received by 6 September 2017 Reference: 2017/1174/01/LBC Location: 6 Chimney Mills Proposal: Listed Building Application: Alterations to elevations to include installation of flue and 2 no gas meters to rear elevation, internal alterations to include new acoustic partition wall to living room on ground floor Applicant: Mr Shiv Pabary Kath Lawless, Assistant Director, Planning, City of Newcastle upon Tyne
Dated: 15 August 2017 L Scott, Service Manager Democratic Services, Civic Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8QH CITY OF NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE (SANDYFORD ROAD) TEMPORARY TRAFFIC REGULATION ORDER 2017 NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Council of the City of Newcastle upon Tyne intend, not less than seven days from the date of this Notice, to make an Order under Section 14 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, the effect of which will be to - a) Prohibit the right hand turn manoeuvre from Jesmond Three Sixty into Sandyford Road.
Dated: 20 July 2017 V Geary, Head of Law and Governance, Quadrant, The Silverlink North, Cobalt Business Park, North Tyneside NE27 0BY CITY OF NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE TRAFFIC REGULATION (CONSOLIDATION) ORDER 2009 (CHESWICK DRIVE, GOSFORTH VARIATION) ORDER 2017 1.
The first institution, the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, has purchased Progenesis(TM) Workstation as part of their new proteomics suite following a year of testing and evaluating a range of solutions.
Contract award notice: Non-clinical Waste Management Service to include collection, transportation, treatment and disposal of non-clinical waste streams from premises owned or occupied by The Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.
Gallagher & Turner, Newcastle upon Tyne 30, St Mary's Place (0191 261 4465) Peter Quinn RWS: Here and There Wed-Fri 10am-6pm, Tue, Sat 10am-5pm, free.

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