Newcastle upon Tyne

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Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle upon Tyne, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 199,064), NE England, on the Tyne River. The city is an important shipping and trade center. The famous coal-shipping industry began in the 13th cent.; coal, however, was exceeded by wool exports until the 16th cent. A number of heavy industries are also there, such as shipbuilding, marine machinery and equipment, defense equipment, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The city experienced an industrial revival in the 1990s with industries manufacturing computer components, motor vehicles, and household appliances. Several bridges cross the Tyne to Gateshead, including the tilting, arc-shaped Gateshead Millenium Bridge for pedestrians and cyclists.

The city rests on the site of the Roman military station Pons Aelii, at Hadrian's Wall. Later the site was occupied by the Angles until the Norman conquest. In 1080, Robert II, duke of Normandy and eldest son of William the Conqueror, had a fortified castle built (from which Newcastle takes its name). The castle was besieged and repaired several times; the oldest remaining parts date from 1177. The city walls, of which traces and towers remain, are attributed to Edward I. For 10 months in 1646, Charles I was a prisoner in Newcastle.

The Cathedral of St. Nicholas dates partly from the 14th cent. Other notable old buildings include Trinity Almshouse (1492) and the Royal Grammar School, founded in the 16th cent. Among the many educational institutions are the Univ. of Newcastle upon Tyne, formerly King's College.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Newcastle Upon Tyne


a city in Great Britain, and the administrative center of the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear. Population, 222,200 (1971). The city is a transportation junction and port at the mouth of the Tyne River, near the point where it flows into the North Sea. It is the center of the Tyneside conurbation. The chief industries are shipbuilding, ship repair, and the production of electrical equipment, boilers, turbines, ship’s engines, and mining equipment. It is also a commercial and financial center. A university was established in the city in 1963, and the city has a museum of science and industry in which G. Stephenson’s steam locomotive is exhibited.

Remains of the Roman Wall (second century) and city walls dating from 1265 have survived. The city layout was unplanned until the early 19th century, when certain streets were redesigned by the architects J. Dobson and R. Grainger. Noteworthy sites include a Romanesque castle (c. 1080), a dungeon (1172–77), the Black Gate (mid-13th century), a late Gothic cathedral (c. 1216–1359, with a tower dating from the second third of the 15th century), and the town hall (mid-17th century, architect, R. Trollop). The city has a two-level iron bridge, built between 1845 and 1849 by the engineer R. Stephenson. A notable example of modern architecture is the shipbuilding company’s building (1943–52), designed by the architect R. Sheppard.


Middlebrook, S. Newcastle Upon Tyne. Newcastle Upon Tyne, 1950.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Newcastle upon Tyne

1. a port in NE England in Newcastle upon Tyne unitary authority, Tyne and Wear, near the mouth of the River Tyne opposite Gateshead: Roman remains; engineering industries, including ship repairs; two universities (1937, 1992). Pop.: 189 863 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in NE England, in Tyne and Wear. Pop.: 266 600 (2003 est.). Area: 112 sq. km (43 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Notice is given that Late Night Refreshment applied to Newcastle City Council on 20.01.18 to vary a (Premises Licence) under the Licencing Act 2003, as follows:-The opening hours of the premises Monday - 23:00 until 04:00 hours Tuesday - 23:00 until 02:00 hours Wednesday - 23:00 until 02:00 hours Thursday - 23:00 until 02:00 hours Friday - 23:00 until 04:00 hours Saturday - 23:00 until 04:00 hours Sunday - 23:00 until 02:00 hours Anyone who wishes to make representations regarding this application for variation must give notice in writing to:-Licensing Authority, Newcastle City Council, Regulatory Services and Public Protection, Civic Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8PB.
Any person may object to the making of the proposed order by stating their reasons in writing to the Secretary of State at or National Transport Casework Team, Tyneside House, Skinnerburn Road, Newcastle upon Tyne NE4 7AR, quoting the above reference.
(b) Customer Services, Newcastle Central Library, Charles Avison Building, 33 New Bridge Street West, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8AX between 10.00am and 4.30pm Monday to Friday, and (c) Newcastle Civic Centre, Barras Bridge, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8QH between 9.00am and 4.30pm Monday to Friday.
Dated: 16 August 2017 L Scott, Service Manager Democratic Services, Civic Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8QH SCHEDULE Phase 3 (Gordon House and Kendal Street) 1.
Established in 1826, The Newcastle upon Tyne Law Society represents more than 1,000 solicitors and is one of the oldest law societies in the UK.
Arts & Exhibitions ARTS CENTRE WASHINGTON Biddick Lane (0191 219 3455) Sophie Lisa Beresford: Geordie, Mackem Magick: Mon, Fri & Sat 9.30am-5pm, Tue 9.30am-8pm, Wed 9.30am-7pm, Thu 9.30am-9pm BALTIC, GATESHEAD South Shore Road (0191 478 1810) Alice Theobald And Atomik Architecture: Mon, Wed-Sun 10am-6pm, Tue 10.30am-6pm, ends Apr 10 Hajra Waheed: The Cyphers: Mon-Sun 10am-6pm, ends May 30 Omer Fast: Present Continuous: Mon-Sun 10am-6pm, ends Jun 26 CITY LIBRARY & ARTS CENTRE, SUNDERLAND Fawcett Street (0191 514 1235) Baldock, Pope, Zahle: Mon-Tue, Thu-Fri 9.30am-5pm, Wed 9.30am-7pm, Sat 10am-4pm GALLAGHER & TURNER, NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE St.

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