Newfoundland

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Newfoundland,

breed of massive, powerful working dogworking dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs raised by humans to herd cattle and sheep, as draft animals, as message dispatchers in wartime, in police and rescue work, as guardians of persons and property, or as guides (see guide dog) for the
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 developed in Newfoundland, probably in the 17th cent., and later perfected in England. It stands from 25 to 28 in. (63.5–71.1 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 110 to 150 lb (49.9–68.1 kg). Its dense, flat-lying coat is coarse and rather oily and is usually a dull jet black in color. The Landseer type of Newfoundland is one in which the color is other than solid black, the most frequent being black with white markings. The precise origin of the Newfoundland is obscure, but the most convincing evidence points to the crossbreeding of arctic and other dogs native to Newfoundland with the ship dogs of European fishermen. Specimens of the resulting breed, similar to the modern variety but smaller, were then brought to England, where their size and appearance were refined. The Newfoundland is an excellent water dog and has been used to rescue drowning people. It also has been a popular draft animal, particularly on its native island. Today it is raised for show competition and as a family companion, being especially gentle with children. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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.

Newfoundland,

island and province, Canada: see Newfoundland and LabradorNewfoundland and Labrador
, province (2001 pop. 512,930), 156,185 sq mi (404,519 sq km), E Canada. The province consists of the island of Newfoundland and adjacent islands (2001 pop.
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, province.

Newfoundland

 

a province in eastern Canada, on the Atlantic coast. It includes the island of Newfoundland and the northeastern part of the Labrador Peninsula. Its area is 404,600 sq km. The population in 1971 was 522,000, 57 percent of which was urban. The administrative center and chief port is St. John’s. About one third of Canada’s fish catch (chiefly cod) and about 10 percent of its timber comes from Newfoundland. Mineral resources include iron (Labrador City and Wabush), lead and zinc (Buchans and Whalesback), copper (Bay de Verde), and fluorspar (St. Lawrence). The chief industries are paper and pulp (Corner Brook and Grand Falls) and fish processing. Plants at St. John’s also produce petrochemicals and transport machinery. There is a large hydroelectric power plant at Churchill Falls. Agriculture is a subsidiary branch of the economy.

In the 11th century Norsemen visited the coast of the Island of Newfoundland, and in 1497 an English expedition led by J. Cabot landed there. After a long rivalry between France and England for control over Newfoundland, the area passed to England under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. The indigenous population of Indians and Eskimos was almost completely wiped out by the early 19th century. A “responsible government” was created in 1855. The second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries were marked by rapid industrial growth. In addition to the expansion of the traditional industries of fishing and logging, mining developed and railroads were built. An industrial proletariat appeared and trade unions emerged. In 1917, the Island of Newfoundland became a dominion, and in 1927 it incorporated part of the Labrador Peninsula. Between 1934 and 1949, Newfoundland was ruled by a British governor as a colony. On Mar. 31, 1949, it joined Canada as a province.

V. A. TISHKOV


Newfoundland

 

an island in the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of North America; it is separated from the Labrador Peninsula by the Strait of Belle Isle. The island is part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland. It has an area of 111,000 sq km (according to some sources, 125,000 sq km), and in 1966 it had about 470,000 inhabitants most of whom live along the coast.

Geologically, Newfoundland is part of the Appalachian mountain system. Its surface is a gently rolling plain with residual outcrop ridges rising to 814 m. Most of the coastline is rocky and high. The island has a temperate climate, with an annual precipitation ranging from 750 mm to 1,500 mm. The average winter temperature varies from—4° to –10°C, and the mean summer temperature, from 10° to 15°C. The rivers are short and full of rapids, and there are many lakes and swamps. The soil is primarily podzolic and rocky. Coniferous forests of balsam fir, white and black spruce, and American deciduous trees with an admixture of birch are found at elevations of up to 350–400 m. At higher elevations there are tracts of tundra vegetation.


Newfoundland

 

a breed of working dog developed in Newfoundland. It is a large dog with a massive head, drooping ears, and a long, dense black coat. Height at the shoulders is 68 to 75 cm for a male and 62 to 70 cm for a female. Newfoundlands are used as guard dogs. They retrieve fishermen’s nets and rescue drowning persons. The dogs are bred primarily in the United States and in Western Europe. In the USSR a domestic breed called the Vodolaz has been developed by crossing the Newfoundland with local breeds.

Newfoundland

1. an island of E Canada, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Belle Isle: with the Coast of Labrador forms the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; consists of a rugged plateau with the Long Range Mountains in the west. Area: 110 681 sq. km (42 734 sq. miles)
2. a very large heavy breed of dog similar to a Saint Bernard with a flat coarse usually black coat
References in periodicals archive ?
When a storm-tossed ship is in danger of breaking up, her father and brother race to the ship in their own small boat, but Anne sends her Newfoundland dog, Hairy Man, into the waves towards the ship.
The programme starts at the lake of Bryn Bach Park where Williams meets Jeff Burridge of the Newfoundland Dog Society.
The couple's daughter Natalie, 20, was not at home and their Newfoundland dog Leyla was also safe.
This painting includes one of the most famous pets in the history of art: "Porthos," the Newfoundland dog belonging to the Charpentier family.
3) and Portrait of a Newfoundland Dog (1803) and Marshall's Lord Jersey's Bay Colt Mameluke with his Trainer and Groom on Epsom Downs (1827).
The main narrator is Lewis's Newfoundland dog, Seaman, who tells us his secret name, Oolum, and comments on events with objectivity and humor.
No medical technologist or nurse is second-guessing her veterinarian's judgment; nobody is saying her life should not be saved because she is nine years old, and that's pretty old for a Newfoundland dog.
The Newfoundland Dog Rescue Team will also be making a splash demonstrating what they do best I rescuing swimmers in trouble.
Peter was much easier to work with than another co-star - the enormous Newfoundland dog of whom Julie and Dangerous share custody.
The 82-year-old former Democratic senator from South Dakota (and 1972 presidential candidate) is driving across the country - San Francisco to Florida - in a 1997 Subaru with his wife, Eleanor, their Newfoundland dog, Ursa, and a cat named Kitty - listening to Peter, Paul and Mary CDs along the way.
His investigators unearthed unfair tax patterns, impurities in milk production--"maggoty milk supply," the headline read--and the plight of the impoverished--"one of the families subsisted for nearly a week upon the carcass of a big Newfoundland dog.

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