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Computing a forum where subscribers exchange information about a specific subject by electronic mail


(computer science)
A collection of computers on a wide-area network that form a discussion group on a particular topic, such that a message generated by any computer in the group is automatically distributed over the network to all the others. Also known as forum.


One of Usenet's huge collection of topic groups or fora. Usenet groups can be "unmoderated" (anyone can post) or "moderated" (submissions are automatically directed to a moderator, who edits or filters and then posts the results). Some newsgroups have parallel mailing lists for Internet people with no netnews access, with postings to the group automatically propagated to the list and vice versa. Some moderated groups (especially those which are actually gatewayed Internet mailing lists) are distributed as "digests", with groups of postings periodically collected into a single large posting with an index.

Among the best-known are comp.lang.c (the C-language forum), comp.arch (on computer architectures), comp.Unix.wizards (for Unix wizards), rec.arts.sf-lovers (for science-fiction fans), and talk.politics.misc (miscellaneous political discussions and flamage).

Barry Shein <> is alleged to have said, "Remember the good old days when you could read all the group names in one day?" This gives a good idea of the growth and size of Usenet.

See also netiquette.


A discussion group on the Internet as well as a source for MP3 files and images. Newsgroups make up the Usenet (user network), which preceded the Web by more than a decade. Starting in the late 1970s, newsgroups were message boards for Unix technical issues. However, they continue to prosper alongside Web-based discussion groups called "forums" (see Internet forum).

Although a topic can be newsworthy, newsgroups have nothing to do with the daily news. Organized into categories, alt (alternative) contains the most diversity (see newsgroup categories).

The Usenet Network
There are tens of thousands of newsgroups originating from many sources and hosted on many news servers. A small percentage are moderated either by a human or a software agent. An ISP may offer newsgroups to its customers, either by hosting them or funneling them from another source, although the ISP decides which ones and how long they remain online. Dedicated Usenet providers do not discriminate and store most newsgroups indefinitely.

NNTP and Newsreaders
The NNTP protocol is used to transport newsgroup content, similar to the way HTTP is used for Web pages (see NNTP).

Newsreader software (an NNTP client), which may be a stand-alone application or an e-mail or browser plug-in, is used to search for and subscribe to newsgroups as well as read and post messages. When a user posts a question or comment, the chain of replies is called a "message thread." See Usenet, newsreader,, syndication format and newsgroup categories.
References in periodicals archive ?
With this upgrade, users can now access binary files that had been posted to USENET newsgroups from more than five years ago.
23, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- NEWSHOSTING, the recognized leader in global Usenet newsgroup access, today announcedthe release of its newest browser version, v1.
Leveraging Highwinds' content delivery network, Virgin Media will provide lightning-fast access to newsgroup forums on thousands of topics
When the uproar eventually settled, a new hierarchy of ad-friendly newsgroups was created, each beginning with the prefix "biz.
In general, cross-posting - sending a request for information to several newsgroups at once - is considered bad manners as it leads to people answering the same query more than once.
One of the newsgroups was being used specifically to share advice among paedophiles about 'grooming' children.
It's like the Wild West out there on the Internet; people can say what they want," said Nancy Sells, vice president of eWatch, which monitors 66,000 newsgroups for its clients.
com introduces newsgroup browser (C)1995-2001 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.
Moderated newsgroups provide a timely source of information on emerging tax issues.
Nevertheless based on these responses it is possible to make some general observations about how Parliamentarians are using e-mail, the World Wide Web and Usenet newsgroups.
If you're looking for newsgroups about more specialized dance topics--or if your Internet provider doesn't offer access to Usenet--you can turn to a Web service called Deja.
More than 30,000 different Internet newsgroups now exist, allowing members to send and receive messages on interests that range from the mundane to the weird.