Nizhyn (nyĭzhˈĭn), Rus. Nezhin, city (1989 pop. 81,000), N Ukraine, on the Oster River. It is a rail terminus on the main Moscow-Kiev line and an agricultural trade center. Industries include engineering, food processing, and the manufacture of machinery and railroad cars. Known in the 11th cent., the city was the center of the Nizhyn Ukrainian Cossack regiment from 1649 to 1782. It became an important trading center in the 17th and 18th cent. after Greek merchants received permission to settle there in 1657.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city under oblast jurisdiction in Chernigov Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. It is located 83 km southeast of Chernigov and 126 km northeast of Kiev, on the Oster River, a tributary of the Desna. The city is a railroad junction, with lines to Chernigov, Kiev, Bakhmach, and Priluki, and a highway nexus, with roads to Chernigov, Oster, Priluki, and Bakhmach. Population, 62,600 (1974).

Nezhin is first mentioned, as Unenezh, in the Hypatian Chronicle under the year 1147. Originally it belonged to the ancestors of the Polish King Sigismund; around 1500 it was annexed by Moscow, but under the Deulino Truce of 1618 it reverted to Poland. At the beginning of 1648 the city was liberated by a peasant and cossack army and became the administrative center of the Nezhin Polk (1648–1782). Under the Armistice of Andrusovo (1667), the city passed to Russia. In 1708 it became a part of Kiev Province, and beginning in 1802 it was a district capital in Chernigov Province. In the second half of the 17th century it became one of the centers of the Ukraine’s domestic and foreign trade. With the opening of the Gymnasium of Higher Learning in 1820, the city became one of the cultural centers of the Chernigov area.

Soviet power was established here on Jan. 18 (31), 1918. In March 1918 the city was occupied by German and Austrian troops and later by Petliura’s and Denikin’s forces. On Nov. 21, 1919, Red Army units liberated the city. In 1923, Nezhin became the administrative center of Nezhin Okrug, and in 1930, of Chernigov Okrug. Since 1932 it has been part of Chernigov Oblast. On Sept. 13, 1941, Nezhin was occupied by fascist German troops, and it was liberated by the Soviet Army on Sept. 15, 1943. Nezhin’s industries include an engineering plant, the Progress Plant, the Nezhinsel’mash Plant, and factories producing paint and varnish, rubber goods, and building materials. Among food-processing enterprises are a cannery producing Nezhin pickles and other canned vegetables, a vegetable-oil combine, a meat-packing combine, and a dairy. Light industry is represented by a garment factory and a factory producing art objects. Nezhin has a pedagogical institute, a technicum for the mechanization of agriculture, a cultural-educational school, and a medical school. There is a museum of local lore.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
But I did get into prison for debt, through a low Greek who came from Nezhin. Then Marfa Petrovna turned up; she bargained with him and bought me off for thirty thousand silver pieces (I owed seventy thousand).
The grandfather of Frank Robert Tangherlini from the mother's side, Barnett Rubinovich (he has changed his family name to Robinson when becoming a US citizen), was born in Krolevetz--a small town near Nezhin city of Chernigov Gubernya of the Russian Empire.
(19) From the description of Maklakov's ceremony of initiation into the Masons, it appears that he was born on 28 June 1784 in Nezhin, Chernigov province (that is, he was 35 and a half years old at the end of 1819, not "near 38"), "belongs to the Greco-Russian Orthodox Church," and "is of the commercial class," and "his sincere motivations and his desire to better himself attract him to the O[rder of] F[reemasons]." (20)
Krizis mifologicheskogo soznaniya v Indii i drevney Gretsii/ The Crises of Mythological Consciousness in India and Ancient Greece/, Nezhin, 1912
Gartner, "Nezhin in Philadelphia: The Families and Occupations of an Immigrant Congregation," Jewish History 8[1-2] (1994): 2.29-55; Hersch Liebman, "Hahagirah Hayehudit Learzot Haberit, 1899-1925: Nituah Demografi," Aryeh Goren and Joseph Venkrat, eds., Hahagirah Hayehudit Hagedolah Vegibushah Shel Yahadut Amerikah (Jerusalem, 1977), 2-5-75, esp.
Panova at the Nezhin Teachers Training Institute in Ukraine.