Ngo Dinh Diem


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Related to Ngo Dinh Diem: Nguyen Van Thieu, Vietcong

Ngo Dinh Diem:

see Diem, Ngo DinhDiem, Ngo Dinh
, 1901–63, president of South Vietnam (1955–63). A member of an influential Roman Catholic family, he was a civil servant before World War II and was connected with the nationalists during the war.
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Diem, Ngo Dinh

(nō dĭn dyĕm), 1901–63, president of South Vietnam (1955–63). A member of an influential Roman Catholic family, he was a civil servant before World War II and was connected with the nationalists during the war. He repeatedly refused high office with the government of Bao DaiBao Dai
, 1913–97, emperor of Annam (1926–45) and chief of state of Vietnam (1949–55). Born Prince Nguyen Vinh Thuy, he was the son of Emperor Khai Din and succeeded to the throne in 1926, but did not occupy it until 1932.
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 until 1954, when he became prime minister. In 1955 he controlled a referendum that abolished the monarchy and emerged as South Vietnam's ruler. With strong backing from the United States, Diem initially made some progress, but his favoritism toward his family and toward Roman Catholics over Buddhists caused substantial criticism by the early 1960s. Opposition grew as Diem's authoritarianism increased and as South Vietnam's position in the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
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 deteriorated. With the apparent connivance of the U.S. government, a group of dissident generals staged a coup in 1963, and Diem was murdered during the takeover.
References in periodicals archive ?
The relationship between the United States and Ngo Dinh Diem, the first president of South Vietnam from 1954-63, is an interesting one, albeit one that is frequently misunderstood.
Jean Baptiste Ngo Dinh Diem was born in Hue in central Vietnam in 1901, one of nine children in a wealthy family headed by Ngo Dinh Kah, the highest-ranking mandarin under Vietnam emperor Than Thai.
Edward Miller (history, Dartmouth College) has written a very readable new book on events that led up to the war in Vietnam, focused on Ngo Dinh Diem.
The assassination of President Ngo Dinh Diem on November 2, 1963, wasn't too surprising at the time given the number of previous coup attempts.
The name is said to have first been used by South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem to belittle the rebels.
JFK's "executive action" policy was an open season of plots against troublesome foreign leaders such as Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic, Ngo Dinh Diem in Viet Nam, Rene Schneider in Chile, Patrice Lumumba in Congo and Fidel Castro in Cuba.
Indeed, these executive orders were issued following embarrassing Congressional hearings in the mid-1970s, spearheaded by Senator Frank Church, which confirmed that a number of foreign leaders, including Patrice Lumumba (Congo), Rafael Trujillo (Dominican Republic), Ngo Dinh Diem (Vietnam), RenE[umlaut] Schneider (Chile), among others, were executed under White House orders.
This was the policy of Ngo Dinh Diem and his successors.
The imbalance of power in Indochina was evident by 1954, by which time the Viet Minh were in military and political control of most of Vietnam, while in the chaotic situation following the defeat of the French and the migration southward of Catholics and non-Communists after the division of the country, the southern leader Ngo Dinh Diem barely controlled the city of Saigon (YOUNG, 1991).
Moyar's central thesis is that great progress was made in South Vietnam's conduct of the war under Ngo Dinh Diem and that, had not certain Americans colluded in pulling Diem down, the war could have been satisfactorily resolved and--it is implied--without the introduction of large numbers of U.
In 1956 Ngo Dinh Diem, the South Vietnamese leader, forced the departure of residual French military forces from Vietnam.
Cast amid competing agents, a jaded general, a Catholic Bishop, Buddhist monks, a beautiful Vietnamese woman, an alluring Southern belle and more, he strives to keep afloat of turbulent events as the assassination of President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother lead to full-scale war.