Ngorongoro Crater


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Ngorongoro Crater,

caldera in the Great Rift Valley, Arusha region, N Tanzania. It is one of the world's largest unbroken volcanic calderas, created in an eruption some 3 million years ago. The caldera's floor, c.100 sq mi (260 sq km), lies 2,000 ft (610 m) below the rim, which rises to 7,900 ft (2,408 m). Comprised mainly of open grassland, the caldera inhabited by lions, elephants, black rhinoceroses, leopards, cheetahs, and other wildlife, and thousands of wildebeest, zebras, and gazelles pass through on annual migrations. Masai graze herds in the crater, and flamingos, pelicans, and other waterbirds are found in shallow Lake Magadi, a soda lake. The surrounding Ngorongoro Conservation Area, c.3,200 sq mi (8,300 sq km), which also includes the Olduvai GorgeOlduvai Gorge
, a feature of the E African Rift Valley in Tanzania. Erosional processes have exposed geological strata in the gorge dating to the lower Pleistocene epoch, about 1.8 million to 600,000 years ago.
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, is a major tourist attraction. It is bordered by Serengeti National ParkSerengeti National Park,
c.5,700 sq mi (14,800 sq km), NE Tanzania, est. 1941. The internationally famous park attracts large numbers of tourists to see the world's largest concentrations of wildebeest and gazelle (which number over 1,000,000 each), as well as large numbers of
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 on the west.
References in periodicals archive ?
Arusha [Tanzania], November 16 ( ANI ): At least 11 people were killed after a plane crashed in Ngorongoro Crater in northern Tanzania on Wednesday.
Nomad Safaris' luxury lodges are dotted around the route of the Serengeti's great wildebeest migration, Tarangire National Park and the Ngorongoro Crater. They also feature a specialized chimpanzee experience camp, where guides lead guests to observe chimpanzees in their natural environment.
But some lions, such as the few in Tanzania's Ngorongoro Crater, are cut off from other groups.
A study of serum samples collected from 331 wildlife 1-12 years of age in Tanzania, including in the Serengeti, Arusha, Katavi, and Tarangire National Parks and in the Ngorongoro Crater in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA), showed seronegative results for PPRV (5); however, that study did not include animals from our study area.
After arriving in Tanzania, Sarah will speed off on October 11, passing through the village of Olpopongi, where the team will visit the Mti Mmoja Primary School and drop off supplies for children, then on through numerous national parks, before finishing off in the conservation area of Ngorongoro Crater.
The area's main characteristic is wildlife coexistence with semi-nomadic Maasai pastoralists practising traditional livestock grazing; it includes the spectacular Ngorongoro Crater, the world's largest caldera which has a global importance for biodiversity conservation due to the presence of threatened species, the density of wildlife inhabiting the area, and the annual migration of wildebeest, zebra, gazelles and other animals into the northern plains.
Sanctuary Ngorongoro Crater Camp The whole safari industry cried afinallya when this luxury safari camp was launched.
He will be cycling 400 kilometres from Mount Kilimanjaro to the Ngorongoro Crater in only five days to raise funds for Transaid, an international development charity that tackles poverty and disadvantage by building transport skills and knowledge in the developing world.
These majestic buffalo are seen against the background of Tanzania's Ngorongoro Crater, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which consists of the world's largest inactive, intact, and unfilled volcanic caldera.
Caption: Eastern black rhino in Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania.
Both Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Crater Conservation Area are prime spots to see animals in the wild, and both are famous for spotting the "big five," a phrase coined by hunters in Africa referring to lions, elephants, buffalos, leopards, and rhinoceros.