Nguyen Trai

Nguyen Trai


Born 1380; died 1442. Vietnamese poet, statesman, and national hero.

Between 1418 and 1427, Nguyen Trai and Le Loi led an armed popular struggle against the troops of the Ming dynasty of China, who in 1407 had occupied Dai Viet (Vietnam’s name during the Middle Ages). A false accusation led to Nguyen Trai’s execution.

Nguyen Trai was the first poet to use the Vietnamese vernacular. His Collection of Poems in the Vernacular is a lyric work devoted to philosophy and nature, which at the same time expresses bitterness over the frustration of political designs. In the Great Appeal for Peace With the Chinese (1428), Nguyen Trai shows sympathy for the people suffering under the yoke of the conquerors. His letters to Chinese warlords and other public appeals reveal him as an outstanding publicist. Nguyen Trai is also known as a geographer (Description of the Lands of a Great Power) and as a historian (The Deeds of the Ruler From Lamchon). Nguyen Trai led a school of social thought that, while taking shape within the framework of Confucianism, propounded democratic and socially Utopian ideas.


Xuan Dieu. “Velikii poet V’etnama.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1960, no. 12.
Pham Van Dong. “Nash natsional’nyi geroi.” Literaturnaia gazeta, Jan. 19,1963. N.


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Contractor address : 109 Nguyen Trai, Ba Dinh Ward, Thanh Hoa City, Thanh Hoa Province, Viet Nam
Nguyen Trai (1380-1442), the scholar-statesman who had aided Le Loi (1385-1433) to defeat the Ming in 1428 and to found the Later Le dynasty (1428-1788), integrated folk sayings--using Nom rather than Han--into his writing (e.
47) Nguyen Trai wrote numerous fables based on Viet folklore, using popular sayings and themes, a fact that makes him one of the earliest if not the first socially inspired writers of Dai Viet.
Moreover, in the wake of the Ming invasion in 1407, Nguyen Trai, in Binh Ngo Dai Cao, proclaimed, "Our land, Dai Viet, for times immemorial, has been of ancient culture/ Our Southern land with its mountains and rivers/Its customs and traditions distinct from those of the North.
address :no: 109 nguyen trai, ba dinh, thanh hoa city, vietnam