Nguyen Trai

Nguyen Trai

 

Born 1380; died 1442. Vietnamese poet, statesman, and national hero.

Between 1418 and 1427, Nguyen Trai and Le Loi led an armed popular struggle against the troops of the Ming dynasty of China, who in 1407 had occupied Dai Viet (Vietnam’s name during the Middle Ages). A false accusation led to Nguyen Trai’s execution.

Nguyen Trai was the first poet to use the Vietnamese vernacular. His Collection of Poems in the Vernacular is a lyric work devoted to philosophy and nature, which at the same time expresses bitterness over the frustration of political designs. In the Great Appeal for Peace With the Chinese (1428), Nguyen Trai shows sympathy for the people suffering under the yoke of the conquerors. His letters to Chinese warlords and other public appeals reveal him as an outstanding publicist. Nguyen Trai is also known as a geographer (Description of the Lands of a Great Power) and as a historian (The Deeds of the Ruler From Lamchon). Nguyen Trai led a school of social thought that, while taking shape within the framework of Confucianism, propounded democratic and socially Utopian ideas.

REFERENCES

Xuan Dieu. “Velikii poet V’etnama.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1960, no. 12.
Pham Van Dong. “Nash natsional’nyi geroi.” Literaturnaia gazeta, Jan. 19,1963. N.

N. I. NIKULIN

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Urban planning has not come apace with urbanization, manifesting in the motorcycle mayhem in Nguyen Trai and many other of Hanoi's roads.
The VCCA is at Block B1 - R3, Vincom Mega Mall Royal City, 72A Nguyen Trai Road, Thanh Xuan District.
It is located at Nguyen Trai Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam.
Contractor address : 109 Nguyen Trai, Ba Dinh Ward, Thanh Hoa City, Thanh Hoa Province, Viet Nam
Ha Long Bay has been called by the great national poet Nguyen Trai: "A marvel of the earth erected towards the high skies." While exploring the bay, tourists will feel lost in a legendary world of stone islands which shapes change depending on the angle and the light.
Nguyen Trai (1380-1442), the scholar-statesman who had aided Le Loi (1385-1433) to defeat the Ming in 1428 and to found the Later Le dynasty (1428-1788), integrated folk sayings--using Nom rather than Han--into his writing (e.g., Quoc am thi tap or Collected poems in the national language) to reflect popular perspectives.
(1) Key Laboratory for Enzyme and Protein Technology, VNU University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Thanh Xuan, Hanoi, Vietnam
He disputes fundamental notions such as Viet identity and separateness, challenging the long-accepted interpretation of Nguyen Trai's Binh Ngo Dai Cao/Great Announcement on Pacifying the Ngo as being a true "declaration of national identity," asserting instead, without demonstration, that it was rather a warning to the collaborators (11, 19).
Address : 3A Nguyen Trai St., Ninh Kieu Dist., Can Tho City
Contractor address : IEC: Km 9+200, Nguyen Trai street, Thanh Xuan district , Hanoi, Vietnam.INCO: No.70, Alley No.425, An Duong Vuong street, Tay Ho district,
address :no: 109 nguyen trai, ba dinh, thanh hoa city, vietnam
Contractor address : 109 Nguyen Trai Street, Ba Dinh ward