Niépce, Joseph Nicéphore

Niépce, Joseph Nicéphore

Niépce, Joseph Nicéphore (zhôzĕfˈ nēsāfôrˈ nyĕps), 1765–1833, French chemist who originated a process of photography (see photography, still). In 1826 he produced the first known photograph, which he called a heliograph, using bitumen of Judea (a form of asphalt) on on a pewter plate. From 1829 he worked with Louis Daguerre, who perfected the process after the death of Niépce. A nephew, Claude Felix Abel Niépce de Saint-Victor, 1805–70, also a chemist, was the first to use albumen in photography and also produced photographic engravings on steel.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Niepce, Joseph Nicéphore

 

Born Mar. 7, 1765, in Châlon-sur-Saône; died there July 3, 1833. French inventor in photography.

Niepce was the first to invent a method of fixing the image obtained in a camera obscura. In this method, developed during the 1820’s, he used a silver-coated copper plate covered with a layer of light-sensitive bitumen. In 1829 he concluded an agreement with L. J. M. Daguerre to collaborate on improving his invention.

REFERENCE

Raskin, N. M. Zh. N. N’eps, L.-Zh.-M. Dager, V.-G.-F. Talbot. Leningrad, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.