Nicandra


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nicandra

 

a genus of annual herbs of the family Solanaceae. It includes one species, the apple of Peru (Nicandra physaloides). The stem, which measures 30 to 100 cm tall, is ribbed and branching. The alternate leaves are sinuate-dentate or lobed, and the flowers are large, solitary, and nodding. The perianth is five-parted, the calyx has five winged ribs, and the corolla has a white tubule and a lilac or bluish blade. The globose fruit is an almost dry berry; it is enclosed in an inflated calyx (up to 3.5 cm in diameter) and ranges in color from green to dark violet.

The apple of Peru grows in South America (Peru). It is fed to livestock as silage. The green parts of the plant contain a glycoside of the physalin type, and the seeds contain a semisiccative oil. The apple of Peru is cultivated as an ornamental in many countries; it escapes from cultivation and naturalizes easily. In the USSR, primarily in southern regions, the plant grows as a weed in melon fields, vineyards, and gardens.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
benghalensis (11,5%), Alternanthera tenella (11,5%) and Nicandra physaloides (8,0%) were more frequent.
Sarah Raven has some beautiful mixes, such as Venetian Cut Flower Meadow, a mixture of crimson and magenta poppies, cosmos and malope, with splashes of acid green and pale blue, thanks to dill and Nicandra.
Around sitting areas, consider sowing the seeds of the shoo fly plant (also known as Nicandra physalodes), a fastgrowing bushy variety, capable of reaching three to four feet tall, which has pretty bell-shaped flowers.
Amblyseius chungas ha sido reportado asociado en las siguientes plantas: Brugmansia arborea (L.), Capsicum annum L., Cestrum auriculatum L'Her., Citrus spp., Nicandra physalodes (L.), Ricinus communis L.
Regions (L.) Schott Nicandra physalodes Solanaceae S America (L.) Gaertner Nicotiana glauca Solanaceae S America R.C.
Medium-sized plants such as lavatera and nicandra would look well in front of the cosmos and castor oil plant.
As plantas daninhas avaliadas foram: mariapretinha (Solanum americanum), joa-de-capote (Nicandra physaloides), erva-quente (Spermacoce latifolia), trapoeraba (Commelina benghalensis) e corda-de-viola (Ipomoea grandifolia).