Nicandra


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Nicandra

 

a genus of annual herbs of the family Solanaceae. It includes one species, the apple of Peru (Nicandra physaloides). The stem, which measures 30 to 100 cm tall, is ribbed and branching. The alternate leaves are sinuate-dentate or lobed, and the flowers are large, solitary, and nodding. The perianth is five-parted, the calyx has five winged ribs, and the corolla has a white tubule and a lilac or bluish blade. The globose fruit is an almost dry berry; it is enclosed in an inflated calyx (up to 3.5 cm in diameter) and ranges in color from green to dark violet.

The apple of Peru grows in South America (Peru). It is fed to livestock as silage. The green parts of the plant contain a glycoside of the physalin type, and the seeds contain a semisiccative oil. The apple of Peru is cultivated as an ornamental in many countries; it escapes from cultivation and naturalizes easily. In the USSR, primarily in southern regions, the plant grows as a weed in melon fields, vineyards, and gardens.

References in periodicals archive ?
Around sitting areas, consider sowing the seeds of the shoo fly plant (also known as Nicandra physalodes), a fast-growing bushy variety, capable of reaching three to four feet tall, which has pretty bell-shaped flowers.
The weed community was composed mainly by Amaranthus viridis (AMAVI), Coronopus didymus (COPDI), Cyperus rotundus (CYPRO), Digitaria nuda (DIGNU), Galinsoga parviflora (GASPA) and Nicandra physaloides (NICPH), although other species were observed as well.
As populacoes de plantas daninhas encontradas na comunidade infestante foram Amaranthus viridis, Bidens pilosa, Brachiaria plantaginea, Coronopus didymus, Cyperus rotundus, Digitaria nuda, Eleusine indica, Galinsoga parviflora, Lepidium virginicum, Nicandra physaloides, Oxalis latifolia, Parthenium hysterophorus, Portulaca oleracea, Solanum americanum e Synedrellopsis grisebachii.
Molly Keane's last heroine, Nicandra, (named after a winning horse of her father), met her death as a house collapsed beneath her.