Nicandra


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Nicandra

 

a genus of annual herbs of the family Solanaceae. It includes one species, the apple of Peru (Nicandra physaloides). The stem, which measures 30 to 100 cm tall, is ribbed and branching. The alternate leaves are sinuate-dentate or lobed, and the flowers are large, solitary, and nodding. The perianth is five-parted, the calyx has five winged ribs, and the corolla has a white tubule and a lilac or bluish blade. The globose fruit is an almost dry berry; it is enclosed in an inflated calyx (up to 3.5 cm in diameter) and ranges in color from green to dark violet.

The apple of Peru grows in South America (Peru). It is fed to livestock as silage. The green parts of the plant contain a glycoside of the physalin type, and the seeds contain a semisiccative oil. The apple of Peru is cultivated as an ornamental in many countries; it escapes from cultivation and naturalizes easily. In the USSR, primarily in southern regions, the plant grows as a weed in melon fields, vineyards, and gardens.

References in periodicals archive ?
As principais populacoes de plantas daninhas encontradas na area experimental foram Amaranthus viridis, Coronopus didymus, Galinsoga parviflora, Nicandra physaloides e Solanum americanum, sendo que C.
benghalensis (11,5%), Alternanthera tenella (11,5%) and Nicandra physaloides (8,0%) were more frequent.
2 Ipomoea purpurea -- -- -- -- Nicandra physaloides 2.
Nicandra physalodes, or the shoo-fly, is an annual from the solanaceaea (the potato family) and creates a real presence in the border.
La jefa antisecuestros de la SIEDO, Nicandra Castro (hoy directora de la AFI, N.
Nicandra physalodes, the shoo-fly plant, is another aphid deterrent.
From the description, it can only be the Shoo-fly plant, Nicandra physalodes.
La Procuraduria General de la Republica ha puesto en marcha una politica de comunicacion para privilegiar la secrecia sobre la informacion en tomo a la fiscal de la Unidad de Investigacion Especializada contra Secuestros, Nicandra Castro Escarpulli.
Si alguien busca en el directorio de la PGR quien es Nicandra Castro Escarpulli, la respuesta es que no hay nadie con ese nombre.
Smith (1971); Nicandra physalodes: Leon Vicente (1992); Nicotiana sp.