Niccoló Jommelli

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jommelli, Niccoló

 

Born Sept. 10, 1714, in A versa, near Naples; died Aug. 25, 1774, in Naples. Italian composer, representative of the Neapolitan school of opera.

Jommelli became a member of the Bologna Philharmonic Academy in 1741. He composed more than 70 operas; among his most outstanding were Merope (1741), Artaxerxes (1749), and Phaethon (1753; 2nd version, 1768). Jommelli also wrote church music (for example, the famous Miserere) and intermezzi (for example, Don Falcone, which was performed in St. Petersburg in 1779). Anticipating the operatic reforms of C. W. Gluck, he assigned an important place to the accompanied recitative and intensified the dramatic role of the chorus and the orchestra in his operas.

REFERENCES

Livanova, T. N. Istoriia zapadno-evropeiskoi muzyki do 1789 goda. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Abert, N. Niccoló Jommelli als Opernkomponist. Halle, 1908.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.