Nichiren


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Nichiren

(nĭch`ərən) [Jap.,=sun lotus], 1222–82, Japanese Buddhist priest, founder of Nichiren Buddhism. Of humble birth, Nichiren (whose given name was Zennichimaro) early became a monk, and traveled to many temples in search of true Buddhism. In 1253, convinced that contemporary Buddhism was inadequate for a degenerate age, he proclaimed faith in the Lotus Sutra as the only means of salvation. Conflict with both religious and civil authorities marked the remainder of his life. He condemned Zen BuddhismZen Buddhism,
Buddhist sect of China and Japan. The name of the sect (Chin. Ch'an, Jap. Zen) derives from the Sanskrit dhyana [meditation]. In China the school early became known for making its central tenet the practice of meditation, rather than adherence
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 for stressing extrascriptural transmission, Pure Land BuddhismPure Land Buddhism
or Amidism,
devotional sect of Mahayana Buddhism in China and Japan, centering on worship of the Buddha Amitabha. According to the Pure Land Sutras, composed in India in the 2d cent. A.D.
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 for devaluing the present lifetime, and civil authorities for supporting "false religions." His uncompromising evangelism led to several periods in exile as well as great mass appeal, which continues to this day (see Soka GakkaiSoka Gakkai
[Jap.,=Value Creation Society], Japan-based independent lay Buddhist movement. A theological offshoot of Nichiren Buddhism, it was founded (1930) as the Soka Kyoiku Gakkai [Value Creation Educational Society] by Tsunesaburo Makiguchi, educator and follower of the
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).

Bibliography

See M. Kanko, The Nichiren Sect (1958); A. Masaharu, Nichiren the Buddhist Prophet (1966); T. Yutaka, Nichiren (1970); P. B. Yampolsky, ed., Selected Writings of Nichiren (1990).

References in periodicals archive ?
As both an economist and a practitioner of Nichiren Buddhism, I try to connect my economic livelihood with the spiritual aspects of my life.
The Nichiren Buddhist practice of chanting Nam-myoho-renge-kyo is exactly that kind of practice.
Staff at the head temple of Nichirenshu, the largest sect of Nichiren Buddhism, canceled all other activities in favor of fimdraising, and the central Tokyo Nichirenshu temple Joenji offered its accommodations to students and families with young children from the disaster area needing a place to stay.
So I was motivated to study the propagation methodology of Nichiren Orthodox Sect Soka Gakkai Buddhism, an astoundingly successful lay organization founded and directed by disaffected Japanese educators.
Independent Nichiren Buddhists made the Dai Gohonzon and other Gohonzon available to download via the internet.
31) Three schools of Buddhism, namely Zen, Pure Land, and Nichiren, became the most dominant in Japan.
Drawing on the works of the famed Buddhist thinker Nichiren and his direct path to Enlightenment, the authors put forth an excellent guide to better understanding the religion and philosophy.
It is the same story at the Soka Gakka, a lay Buddhist organisation of the Nichiren School, with an estimated 8 million members in Japan.
In East Asia, the most typical example of a magico-mythological approach is Daoism, with Shingon and possibly Tendai and Nichiren in Japan as a small branch of a large Tantric area that includes Tibetan Buddhism and a considerable part of Indian religion.
Robert did not know of Nichiren, the Buddhist leader of the thirteenth century whose nationalistic sect would become a popular force in the twentieth.
Brendan said the event was organised by a group practising Nichiren Buddhism, a form of Buddhism associated with Nichiren Daishonin, a priest living in 13th century Japan.
Further west is a monastery belonging to the Kagyu sect, a stone's throw away from the Daijokyo monastery--a traditional Japanese temple built in concrete belonging to the Nichiren sect.