Nicholas Desmarest

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Desmarest, Nicholas


Born Sept. 16, 1725, in Soulaines-Dhuys, Champagne; died Sept. 28, 1815, in Sèvres. French geologist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1771).

Desmarest was a graduate of the Oratorian College in Troyes. He was one of the first to establish the volcanic origin of basalt. He studied the erosional action of flowing water and concluded that the formation of a relief under its influence was a prolonged process. Desmarest compiled the first geologic map of the region of ancient volcanoes in central France (Auvergne).


Dissertation sur l’ancienne jonction de l’Angleterre à la France. Amiens, 1753.
Conjectures physico-méchaniques. [No place] 1756.
Encyclopédic méthodique. Vol. 5: Géographic physique. Paris, 1828.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The list of geologists would include Eugene Patrin (1742-1815), Alexander Besson (1725-1809), Nicholas Desmarest (1725-1815), and Andre Brochant de Villiers (1772-1840), among many others.