Nicholas Hawksmoor


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Nicholas Hawksmoor
BirthplaceNottinghamshire
Died
NationalityEnglish

Hawksmoor, Nicholas,

1661–1736, English architect involved in the development of most of the great buildings of the English baroque. From the age of 21 he assisted Sir Christopher WrenWren, Sir Christopher,
1632–1723, English architect. A mathematical prodigy, he studied at Oxford. He was professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, from 1657 to 1661, when he became Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford.
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 in the design of Chelsea Hospital, city churches, royal residences, and St. Paul's Cathedral. He became deputy surveyor (1705–29) in the construction of Greenwich Hospital. In the building of the great residences, Castle Howard and Blenheim Palace, he was associated with Sir John VanbrughVanbrugh, Sir John
, 1664–1726, English dramatist, architect, soldier, and adventurer, b. London, of Flemish descent. In 1686 he obtained a commission in the army. He was arrested for espionage in 1690 and spent two years in a French prison.
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. Under the act of 1711, Hawksmoor was appointed one of the architects to design 50 churches in London. He planned (1714–30) six highly original churches, which included St. George's, Bloomsbury; Christ Church, Spitalfields; and the rebuilding of St. Mary Woolnoth. At Oxford he designed the north quadrangle of All Souls' College. Influenced by architectural elements of many periods, Hawksmoor arrived at an individuality of design that makes him a significant figure in the history of the international baroque.

Bibliography

See studies by K. Downes (1959, repr. 1979) and V. Hart (2003).

References in periodicals archive ?
Nicholas Hawksmoor was censured for this extraordinary design.
Scrubs actor Zach Braff discusses his self-penned play All New People, Alastair Sooke explores the life of Japanese artist Yayoi Kusama, and Charlie Luxton examines the churches designed by architect Nicholas Hawksmoor.
There was a big debate over who designed this house, Christopher Wren or Nicholas Hawksmoor, and here the mystery is solved.
In historical terms, Stirling stood in that British lineage of plastic imagination and invention that began with Robert Smythson in the 16th century and extended through Nicholas Hawksmoor, John Vanbrugh, John Soane and Philip Webb to Edwin Lutyens in the 20th century.
As detective Nicholas Hawksmoor follows the traces and reads Dyer's secret diary, he begins to understand the significance of the occult scheme of the "loci delicti" and focuses his attention on finding the mysterious vagrant who calls himself the Architect.
Nicholas Hawksmoor, like his teacher Christopher Wren, was an architect who revered the ancient world, learned from it, and spoke its language.
His novel Hawksmoor features the gifted 17th-century architect Nicholas Hawksmoor, pupil of Sir Christopher Wren.
Berwick Barracks Among the first purpose-built barracks in England when they were constructed back in 1717 to the design of the distinguished architect Nicholas Hawksmoor.
Following his reasoning, Ackroyd, in order to defamiliarize the present, shatters our current expectations towards the familiar reality of London, making use of the seven emblematic local churches designed and built by Nicholas Hawksmoor, the eighteenth-century architect, Sinclair was so much fascinated with.
Inside are some of the grandest interiors in England, with paintings by artists including Reynolds, exquisite furniture and ceilings designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor.
Here youOll find All Souls college, designed by WrenOs pupil Nicholas Hawksmoor, and St MaryOs, the university church.
Set in more than 3,300 acres of Northamptonshire countryside, the Grade I listed Easton Neston House is the only country house designed by the architect Nicholas Hawksmoor, who was a protege of Sir Christopher Wren and also worked on Kensington Palace, Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard.