Nicholas Hawksmoor


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Nicholas Hawksmoor
BirthplaceNottinghamshire
Died
NationalityEnglish

Hawksmoor, Nicholas,

1661–1736, English architect involved in the development of most of the great buildings of the English baroque. From the age of 21 he assisted Sir Christopher WrenWren, Sir Christopher,
1632–1723, English architect. A mathematical prodigy, he studied at Oxford. He was professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, from 1657 to 1661, when he became Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford.
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 in the design of Chelsea Hospital, city churches, royal residences, and St. Paul's Cathedral. He became deputy surveyor (1705–29) in the construction of Greenwich Hospital. In the building of the great residences, Castle Howard and Blenheim Palace, he was associated with Sir John VanbrughVanbrugh, Sir John
, 1664–1726, English dramatist, architect, soldier, and adventurer, b. London, of Flemish descent. In 1686 he obtained a commission in the army. He was arrested for espionage in 1690 and spent two years in a French prison.
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. Under the act of 1711, Hawksmoor was appointed one of the architects to design 50 churches in London. He planned (1714–30) six highly original churches, which included St. George's, Bloomsbury; Christ Church, Spitalfields; and the rebuilding of St. Mary Woolnoth. At Oxford he designed the north quadrangle of All Souls' College. Influenced by architectural elements of many periods, Hawksmoor arrived at an individuality of design that makes him a significant figure in the history of the international baroque.

Bibliography

See studies by K. Downes (1959, repr. 1979) and V. Hart (2003).

References in periodicals archive ?
And this is the reason for his identification with such Londoners as Nicholas Hawksmoor, or John Dee.
Nicholas Hawksmoor, although always nervous about his position, remained as a surveyor until the end of the commission in 1733.
Here youOll find All Souls college, designed by WrenOs pupil Nicholas Hawksmoor, and St MaryOs, the university church.
Set in more than 3,300 acres of Northamptonshire countryside, the Grade I listed Easton Neston House is the only country house designed by the architect Nicholas Hawksmoor, who was a protege of Sir Christopher Wren and also worked on Kensington Palace, Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard.
The aim of this book by author Pierre de la Ruffiniere du Prey is to document and examine the buildings, life, influences etc of the architect Nicholas Hawksmoor.
THE churches designed by 17 century architect Nicholas Hawksmoor are certainly beautiful.
In part 2 of the novel, the detective Nicholas Hawksmoor tries unsuccessfully to solve the crimes.
Hart has been tracking backwards, from the early 18th century to the beginning of the 17th, to produce revisionist studies of three major architects of the period: two heavyweights of the English Baroque, John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor, and Inigo Jones, the man who introduced Vitruvian classicism to England.
There was a big debate over who designed this house, Christopher Wren or Nicholas Hawksmoor, and here the mystery is solved.
His novel Hawksmoor features the gifted 17th-century architect Nicholas Hawksmoor, pupil of Sir Christopher Wren.
He commissioned close friend Nicholas Hawksmoor to make a house suitable for a military governor, and building work took place two years later.
The original matching wings were designed by the office of Sir Christopher Wren, and the main house remodelled by Nicholas Hawksmoor, who became famous in his own right for his work on Kensington Palace, Castle Howard, the Royal Hospital at Greenwich and Christchurch Spittlefields.