Nicholas V


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Nicholas V,

antipope (1328–30); see Rainalducci, PietroRainalducci or Rainallucci, Pietro
, d. 1333, Italian churchman (b. Corvaro, near Rieti), antipope (1328–30) with the name Nicholas V.
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.

Nicholas V,

1397–1455, pope (1447–55), an Italian named Tommaso Parentucelli, b. probably Sarzana, Liguria; successor of Eugene IV. From Eugene IV he inherited the antipapal enactments of the Council of Basel (see Basel, Council ofBasel, Council of,
1431–49, first part of the 17th ecumenical council in the Roman Catholic Church. It is generally considered to have been ecumenical until it fell into heresy in 1437; after that it is regarded as an anticouncil.
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). By a conciliatory policy Nicholas gained the Concordat of Vienna (1448) with Holy Roman Emperor Frederick IIIFrederick III,
1415–93, Holy Roman emperor (1452–93) and German king (1440–93). With his brother Albert VI he inherited the duchies of Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola.
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. It undid much of the damage to papal authority, and the following year the council and the antipope, Felix V, submitted to Nicholas. In 1450 a splendid jubilee marked the schism's end. To further church reform, the pope sent (1450) Nicholas of Cusa to Germany. Pope Nicholas was renowned for learning and piety; he established the papacy as a patron of the humanities and was a founder of the Vatican Library. Lorenzo VallaValla, Lorenzo
, c.1407–57, Italian humanist. Valla knew Greek and Latin well and was chosen by Pope Nicholas V to translate Herodotus and Thucydides into Latin. From his earliest works, he was an ardent spokesman for the new humanist learning that sought to reform
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 benefited from his generosity. A plot on his life and the fall (1453) of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks clouded his last days. He was succeeded by Calixtus III.

Nicholas V

original name Tommaso Parentucelli. 1397--1455, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1447--55). He helped to found the Vatican Library