Nicholson, Francis

Nicholson, Francis,

1655–1728, British colonial administrator in North America. Lieutenant governor under Sir Edmund AndrosAndros, Sir Edmund
, 1637–1714, British colonial governor in America, b. Guernsey. As governor of New York (1674–81) he was bitterly criticized for his high-handed methods, and he was embroiled in disputes over boundaries and duties (see New Jersey), going so far as
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, he fled (1689) to England during the revolt in New York led by Jacob LeislerLeisler, Jacob
, 1640–91, leader of an insurrection (1689–91) in colonial New York, b. Frankfurt, Germany. He immigrated to America in 1660 as a penniless soldier, married a wealthy widow, and became a trader in New York.
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. He returned (1690) to America as lieutenant governor of Virginia and was later governor of Maryland (1694–98) and governor of Virginia (1698–1705). A Modest Answer to a Malicious Libel (1704) is a defense of his conduct in quarrels in Virginia. In 1709 Nicholson led an expedition against Port Royal (now Annapolis Royal, N.S.) and the next year successfully occupied the town, recording his experiences in the Journal of an Expedition … for the Reduction of Port Royal (1711). He was named (1713) governor of Nova Scotia, but his term of office ended on the death of Queen Anne in 1714. He was (1720–25) royal governor of South Carolina. During all his administrations he actively promoted education and the Church of England.

Nicholson, Francis

(1655–1728) colonial governor; born in Yorkshire, England. He had a broad, far-ranging career, as governor or lieutenant-governor of five colonial areas (New York, Virginia, Maryland, Nova Scotia, South Carolina) during 1688–1722. He supported the founding of the College of William and Mary. He directed the conquest of Port Royal (1710), which established British supremacy in Nova Scotia.
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