Nicias


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Nicias

(nī`sēəs, nĭsh`ēəs), d. 413 B.C., Athenian political leader and general. After PericlesPericles
, c.495–429 B.C., Athenian statesman. He was a member of the Alcmaeonidae family through his mother, a niece of Cleisthenes. He first came to prominence as an opponent of the Areopagus (462) and as one of the prosecutors of Cimon, whom he replaced in influence.
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' death he emerged as the primary rival of CleonCleon
, d. 422 B.C., Athenian political leader. The son of a tanner, he had little education; nevertheless, he was a gifted speaker. He began his political career with a series of relentless attacks on Pericles. He was antagonistic to Sparta and successfully opposed (425 B.C.
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 and his war party. He was a moderate democrat, not an oligarch, and he wanted peace with Sparta. In 421 he arranged the Peace of Nicias. When the expedition to SyracuseSyracuse
, Ital. Siracusa, city (1991 pop. 125,941), capital of Syracuse prov., SE Sicily, Italy, on the Ionian Sea. It has a port and is a market and tourist center. Its manufactures include machinery and processed food.
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 was urged by AlcibiadesAlcibiades
, c.450–404 B.C., Athenian statesman and general. Of the family of Alcmaeonidae, he was a ward of Pericles and was for many years a devoted attendant of Socrates. He turned to politics after the Peace of Nicias (421 B.C.
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, Nicias tried to discourage it, but Athens nevertheless made him commander, along with Alcibiades and Lamachus. Alcibiades was soon recalled, and Lamachus died, leaving the expedition in Nicias's care. Nicias vacillated in his policies in the siege. When the Spartan GylippusGylippus
, fl. 415–404 B.C., Spartan commander in the Peloponnesian War. He was sent to help Syracuse in its defense against Athenian attack, and it was his resourcefulness and skill combined with Athenian ineptitude that brought about one of the greatest defeats Athens
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 arrived, and only retreat from Syracuse was feasible, Nicias refused to allow a retreat until it was too late. The Athenian fleet and expedition were shortly overwhelmed by the Syracusans, and Nicias was captured in a hasty retreat on land and subsequently executed.

Nicias

 

Born circa 469 B.C. in Attica; died 413 B.C. in Syracuse. Athenian statesman; rich slaveholder.

After the death of Pericles, Nicias headed the moderate-democratic movement that favored an end to the Peloponnesian War (431–404 B.C.). The peace concluded between the Delian and Peloponnesian leagues in 421 is named after Nicias. As strategus, Nicias directed successful military operations from 427 to 421 against Megara, Melos, Boeotia, Corinth, and Cythera and in Chalcidice. In 415, after the resumption of the war, Nicias was chosen by the popular assembly to head an Athenian military expedition to Syracuse, which in the autumn of 413 ended in the rout of Athens’ army and navy. Nicias was captured and executed by the Syracusans.

Nicias

died 414 bc, Athenian statesman and general. He ended the first part of the Peloponnesian War by making peace with Sparta (421)
References in periodicals archive ?
The naval and ground force, now dominated by Nicias, continued on, ultimately meeting a disastrous end at Syracuse, even after the Athenians sent out major reinforcements at his urging.
Nicias, Alcibiades, and Lamachus were chosen as joint commanders, and 136 warships--carrying 5,100 hoplites but only 30 horses--set sail.
Avery perceives it as a decision to settle for good the uneasy peace of Nicias and proceed with the war more vigorously, a decision taken by the radical democrats, forming the majority in the new board of generals for 414/13 (actually this is the main reason Avery assigns the raid to 414/13, the raid signalling a u-turn in Athenian attitudes towards the resumption of hostilities in mainland Greece).
Six years after Acharnians, and only a fortnight before the actual peace treaty of Nicias was signed, (15) Aristophanes presented Peace.
Pitt's, who had remained so long on the treasury bench that, like Nicias in the fable, 'he left the sitting part of the man behind him'" (5:13, VI:17).
In this continuing saga of birds and snakes, Hai, the cousin of Oliza brought to Wyvern's Court by Nicias in an earlier volume, tells her story.
Operatic lore has it that he was so gorgeously costumed as Nicias in Thai's that once a couple of infrequent opera-goers were astonished when Mary Garden appeared on the scene.
MAXIMUS, NICIAS AND CRASSUS 5 (Bernadotte Perrin trans.
Kagan, Sterling Professor of Classics and History at Yale University, has for many years been the foremost authority to consult on fine points of history and interpretation of the events of the period in large and specialized volumes such as Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy, The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, and The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, to name only some of his earlier works.
Cleon and Brasidas, Nicias and Lysander are not silly squabbling ancient peoples in need of modern enlightenment, but men of universal appetites to be taken on their own terms, just like us whose occasional crackpot ideas, fears, jealousies, and sins can sometimes--if the thin veneer of civilization is suddenly stripped away--lead into something absolutely godawful.
40) I may add Theocritus 13 as another example, where after the story of Hylas the song never returns to the initial setting of the first-person narrator addressing Nicias.
99-110) offers a number of stimulating hypotheses (among them, that the imitation of the Mysteries was part of a series of ritual acts designed to unite the followers of Nicias and Alcibiades to ensure the ostracism of Hyperbolus in 415), but goes well beyond our sources and offers some rather troubling logical gaps (for example, that the old guard associated with Nicias and Phaeax would unite in so intimate and potentially compromising a fashion with Alcibiades in order to rid themselves of Hyperbolus, only then to realize, within a matter of weeks, that Alcibiades would fill the void offered by the latter's absence: finds in the Athenian agora suggest that rigging an ostracism was a much more practical matter).