Nicias


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Nicias

(nī`sēəs, nĭsh`ēəs), d. 413 B.C., Athenian political leader and general. After PericlesPericles
, c.495–429 B.C., Athenian statesman. He was a member of the Alcmaeonidae family through his mother, a niece of Cleisthenes. He first came to prominence as an opponent of the Areopagus (462) and as one of the prosecutors of Cimon, whom he replaced in influence.
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' death he emerged as the primary rival of CleonCleon
, d. 422 B.C., Athenian political leader. The son of a tanner, he had little education; nevertheless, he was a gifted speaker. He began his political career with a series of relentless attacks on Pericles. He was antagonistic to Sparta and successfully opposed (425 B.C.
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 and his war party. He was a moderate democrat, not an oligarch, and he wanted peace with Sparta. In 421 he arranged the Peace of Nicias. When the expedition to SyracuseSyracuse
, Ital. Siracusa, city (1991 pop. 125,941), capital of Syracuse prov., SE Sicily, Italy, on the Ionian Sea. It has a port and is a market and tourist center. Its manufactures include machinery and processed food.
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 was urged by AlcibiadesAlcibiades
, c.450–404 B.C., Athenian statesman and general. Of the family of Alcmaeonidae, he was a ward of Pericles and was for many years a devoted attendant of Socrates. He turned to politics after the Peace of Nicias (421 B.C.
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, Nicias tried to discourage it, but Athens nevertheless made him commander, along with Alcibiades and Lamachus. Alcibiades was soon recalled, and Lamachus died, leaving the expedition in Nicias's care. Nicias vacillated in his policies in the siege. When the Spartan GylippusGylippus
, fl. 415–404 B.C., Spartan commander in the Peloponnesian War. He was sent to help Syracuse in its defense against Athenian attack, and it was his resourcefulness and skill combined with Athenian ineptitude that brought about one of the greatest defeats Athens
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 arrived, and only retreat from Syracuse was feasible, Nicias refused to allow a retreat until it was too late. The Athenian fleet and expedition were shortly overwhelmed by the Syracusans, and Nicias was captured in a hasty retreat on land and subsequently executed.

Nicias

 

Born circa 469 B.C. in Attica; died 413 B.C. in Syracuse. Athenian statesman; rich slaveholder.

After the death of Pericles, Nicias headed the moderate-democratic movement that favored an end to the Peloponnesian War (431–404 B.C.). The peace concluded between the Delian and Peloponnesian leagues in 421 is named after Nicias. As strategus, Nicias directed successful military operations from 427 to 421 against Megara, Melos, Boeotia, Corinth, and Cythera and in Chalcidice. In 415, after the resumption of the war, Nicias was chosen by the popular assembly to head an Athenian military expedition to Syracuse, which in the autumn of 413 ended in the rout of Athens’ army and navy. Nicias was captured and executed by the Syracusans.

Nicias

died 414 bc, Athenian statesman and general. He ended the first part of the Peloponnesian War by making peace with Sparta (421)
References in periodicals archive ?
When in 415 he helped argue Athens into its fateful Sicilian expedition, against the sensible warning of the Athenian general Nicias, who saw the folly of Athens entering on two major wars at once, Alcibiades did so chiefly in the hope of self-aggrandizement.
Nicias is ignored; the Athenians prefer the advice of Alcibiades,
(62) It also marks the point at which Sparta abandoned all hope of confronting Athens at sea until well after the Peace of Nicias, for it decided to avoid naval operations in favor of a purely land campaign.
Despues, vienen los generales Nicias (Kirchner, PA, p.
As Nicias and Demosthenes read the oracles, a sausage seller wanders by and the two servants convince him that he will become the ruler.
The Athenian force led by Nicias consisted of approximately 6,400 men and 134 ships.
Thucydides discusses the Peace of Nicias (421-415 B.C.E.) as merely an intermission in war, not genuine peace.
Platon vinculaba la falta de autoexamen con los errores politicos y militares desastrosos que se dieron en la expedicion a Sicilia, en la que Nicias fue el principal arquitecto de la terrible derrota que sufrio entonces Atenas.