Nicias


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Nicias

(nī`sēəs, nĭsh`ēəs), d. 413 B.C., Athenian political leader and general. After PericlesPericles
, c.495–429 B.C., Athenian statesman. He was a member of the Alcmaeonidae family through his mother, a niece of Cleisthenes. He first came to prominence as an opponent of the Areopagus (462) and as one of the prosecutors of Cimon, whom he replaced in influence.
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' death he emerged as the primary rival of CleonCleon
, d. 422 B.C., Athenian political leader. The son of a tanner, he had little education; nevertheless, he was a gifted speaker. He began his political career with a series of relentless attacks on Pericles. He was antagonistic to Sparta and successfully opposed (425 B.C.
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 and his war party. He was a moderate democrat, not an oligarch, and he wanted peace with Sparta. In 421 he arranged the Peace of Nicias. When the expedition to SyracuseSyracuse
, Ital. Siracusa, city (1991 pop. 125,941), capital of Syracuse prov., SE Sicily, Italy, on the Ionian Sea. It has a port and is a market and tourist center. Its manufactures include machinery and processed food.
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 was urged by AlcibiadesAlcibiades
, c.450–404 B.C., Athenian statesman and general. Of the family of Alcmaeonidae, he was a ward of Pericles and was for many years a devoted attendant of Socrates. He turned to politics after the Peace of Nicias (421 B.C.
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, Nicias tried to discourage it, but Athens nevertheless made him commander, along with Alcibiades and Lamachus. Alcibiades was soon recalled, and Lamachus died, leaving the expedition in Nicias's care. Nicias vacillated in his policies in the siege. When the Spartan GylippusGylippus
, fl. 415–404 B.C., Spartan commander in the Peloponnesian War. He was sent to help Syracuse in its defense against Athenian attack, and it was his resourcefulness and skill combined with Athenian ineptitude that brought about one of the greatest defeats Athens
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 arrived, and only retreat from Syracuse was feasible, Nicias refused to allow a retreat until it was too late. The Athenian fleet and expedition were shortly overwhelmed by the Syracusans, and Nicias was captured in a hasty retreat on land and subsequently executed.

Nicias

 

Born circa 469 B.C. in Attica; died 413 B.C. in Syracuse. Athenian statesman; rich slaveholder.

After the death of Pericles, Nicias headed the moderate-democratic movement that favored an end to the Peloponnesian War (431–404 B.C.). The peace concluded between the Delian and Peloponnesian leagues in 421 is named after Nicias. As strategus, Nicias directed successful military operations from 427 to 421 against Megara, Melos, Boeotia, Corinth, and Cythera and in Chalcidice. In 415, after the resumption of the war, Nicias was chosen by the popular assembly to head an Athenian military expedition to Syracuse, which in the autumn of 413 ended in the rout of Athens’ army and navy. Nicias was captured and executed by the Syracusans.

Nicias

died 414 bc, Athenian statesman and general. He ended the first part of the Peloponnesian War by making peace with Sparta (421)
References in periodicals archive ?
62) It also marks the point at which Sparta abandoned all hope of confronting Athens at sea until well after the Peace of Nicias, for it decided to avoid naval operations in favor of a purely land campaign.
El problema entre Nicias y Eutino surge cuando el primero tuvo oportunidad de salir de la ciudad en un barco, y Eutino le devuelve solamente dos talentos.
He dismisses the usefulness of their teaching in a phalanx (contra Cawkwell 1989:378) by having Nicias say that 'the greatest advantage of this training will be felt when the ranks are broken' (Pl.
Aun cuando la historiografia ha tratado de ubicar al historiador ateniense en las filas de la oligarquia radical (41) su propio testimonio, deducido a traves de la descripcion de Nicias como un lider excepcional (42) y a quien personalmente admiraba, permite desmentir esta version.
Nicias warned that an expedition made little strategic sense.
El texto relata las argucias que Callimaco tiene que ingeniarse para lograr el amor de Lucrecia, esposa de Micer Nicias, un abogado florentino.
La polis no se construye como un elemento externo a los hombres que la constituyen: Nicias sostuvo en ocasion de la expedicion a Sicilia en el 413: "Porque son los hombres los que constituyen una ciudad [andres gar polis] y no unas murallas o unas naves" (Th.
como una tragedia': historia y pathos en las Vidas de Nicias y Craso de Plutarco"; "Vidas Paralelas de Plutarco em Historia do Mundo para Criancas de Monteiro Lobato"; "Plutarco e Cleopatra") e sete mais centrados nos Tratados Morais ("Practicas de un joven rhetor: Plutarco de Queronea y el habito de comer carne"; "Quaestiones Convivales: a ordem do banquete em Plutarco"; "La hermeneutica en De Isis y Osiris de Plutarco en tanto que sistema para interpretar el mundo"; "O tratado plutarquiano Sobre a Musica: reconsiderando a questao da autoria"; "El Hipolito de Euripides en el Erotico de Plutarco"; "Malestares y delicias de los ojos de pescado.
Leading a naval force comprising thirty ships, he, along with Pythodoros and Demaratos, landed at Epidauros Limera (the Byzantine Monemvasia) and Prasiai, further south of modern Leonidio, and ravaged Spartan territories, a hostile action that blatantly violated the peace of Nicias.
Nicias had learned to fear the mob, but Cimon and Pericles were, as heirs to dynastic family traditions, entitled to play a leading role in Athenian politics.
Lives, Volume III, Pericles and Fabius Maximus, Nicias and Crassus.
See also Donald Kagan, The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, vol.