Nickel-Cadmium Battery

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nickel-cadmium battery

[′nik·əl ¦kad·mē·əm ′bad·ə·rē]
(electricity)
A sealed storage battery having a nickel anode, a cadmium cathode, and an alkaline electrolyte; widely used in cordless appliances; without recharging, it can serve as a primary battery. Also known as cadmium-nickel storage cell.

Nickel-Cadmium Battery

 

an alkaline storage battery in which the active substance of the positive electrode is nickelichydroxide (NiOOH) and that of the negative electrode is cad-mium (Cd), with iron (Fe) added. The electrolyte usually usedis a solution of potassium hydroxide (KOH), with an additive oflithium hydroxide (LiOH); the electromotive force is 1.3–1.0volts.

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Delivery of nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries.
said Thursday it has developed a nickel-cadmium battery that can be charged and discharged at temperatures as low as minus 40 C.
Osaka, Aug 8, 2013 - (JCN Newswire) - Panasonic Corporation today announced the development of the industry's first*1 nickel-cadmium battery capable of charging and discharging at temperatures as low as -40 deg C (-40 deg F).
The Boeing CEO said the company would stick with the lithium-ion batteries, which are significantly more powerful and lighter than the nickel-cadmium batteries traditionally used on aircraft.
London, Feb 16 ( ANI ): Aircraft maker Airbus has decided to drop Lithium-Ion batteries and switch to traditional nickel-cadmium batteries for its new A350 passenger jet.
Cold weather saps their charge much faster than it does a nickel-cadmium battery.
Materials such as zinc-carbon cells, lead-acid and nickel-cadmium chemistries will have limited gains, it said.
Saft is a manufacturer of nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) batteries and produces batteries for all types of aircraft.
Although nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) batteries are most commonly used in rechargeable applications, other kinds are available, including alkaline, lead-acid and lithium-ion.
Lithium increasingly is used to replace nickel-cadmium in batteries for portable devices such as cell phones and laptop computers.
According to the latest statistics for 2004, EBRA's 15 members recycled 23,900 tonnes of used portable batteries and accumulators and more than 4,000 tonnes of used nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) industrial batteries, making a total of 27,946 tonnes, which represents a 36% improvement (20,508 tonnes) on 2003.
Other rechargeable batteries, like nickel-cadmium units for cell phones and lap top computers, have long enjoyed an established handling process held up by state regulations that encourage voluntary recycling programs.