Nickel-Cadmium Battery

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nickel-cadmium battery

[′nik·əl ¦kad·mē·əm ′bad·ə·rē]
A sealed storage battery having a nickel anode, a cadmium cathode, and an alkaline electrolyte; widely used in cordless appliances; without recharging, it can serve as a primary battery. Also known as cadmium-nickel storage cell.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nickel-Cadmium Battery


an alkaline storage battery in which the active substance of the positive electrode is nickelichydroxide (NiOOH) and that of the negative electrode is cad-mium (Cd), with iron (Fe) added. The electrolyte usually usedis a solution of potassium hydroxide (KOH), with an additive oflithium hydroxide (LiOH); the electromotive force is 1.3–1.0volts.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nickel-cadmium batteries use a water-soluble electrolyte which tends to freeze in a low-temperature environment.
Despite all developments being on-track, recent debates on lithium-ion versus nickel-cadmium batteries give the impression that the 100% electric aircraft is not ready to take off.
The Boeing CEO said the company would stick with the lithium-ion batteries, which are significantly more powerful and lighter than the nickel-cadmium batteries traditionally used on aircraft.
London, Feb 16 ( ANI ): Aircraft maker Airbus has decided to drop Lithium-Ion batteries and switch to traditional nickel-cadmium batteries for its new A350 passenger jet.
Airbus has dropped lithium-ion batteries of the type that forced the grounding of Boeing's 787 Dreamliner and will use traditional nickel-cadmium batteries in its crucially important next passenger jet, the A350.
Lithium-ion batteries were installed initially in the Cessna CJ4 private jet aircraft, but discontinued when the batteries caught fire in 2011 and replaced with nickel-cadmium batteries. Even the transport of lithium-ion batteries has necessitated new FAA rules when shipped lithium-ion batteries were suspected of accidents on two Boeing 747 and one DC-8 cargo planes.
The recycling targets are 65 per cent of collected weight of lead acid batteries, 75 per cent of nickel-cadmium batteries, and 50 per cent of other battery types.
They should be recharged before they discharge completely since the new nickel-cadmium batteries can be partially discharged and recharged without harm.
Laptops were first powered by nickel-cadmium batteries; that gave way to nickel-metal hydride, which was in turn supplanted by various types of lithium batteries.
Because of widespread industrial applications such as the use of alloys for metal coatings and nickel-cadmium batteries as well as the burning of fossil fuels, urban traffic, and waste incineration, this pollutant is emitted into the atmosphere (Liao and Freedman 1998).
Recycling of nickel-cadmium batteries (industrial and portable) increased most sharply between 2003 and 2004: 6,623 tonnes of Ni-Cd batteries were recycled in 2004 (2,578 tonnes of portable accumulators and 4,045 tonnes of industrial accumulators) compared with 4,272 tonnes in 2003, an increase of 55%.
In 1995, 75 percent of the cadmium found in the municipal waste stream came from nickel-cadmium batteries, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).