Nicola Abbagnano


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Abbagnano, Nicola

 

Born July 15, 1901. Italian idealist philosopher.

A professor at the University of Turin, Abbagnano is the founder of so-called positive existentialism, which attempts to combine existentialist ideas with elements of neopositivism. On this basis and also with the aid of the “universal” formula of the “possibility of the possible,” Abbagnano tried to create an optimistic version of existentialism. In his opinion, the individual can always choose from various possibilities one which would be the basis of a “healthy and stable existence.” Eclecticism and ethical formalism have doomed Abbagnano’s attempt. In recent years, Abbagnano has moved further away from the problems of existentialism, concentrating on such areas as the theory of knowledge and sociology.

WORKS

La struttura dell’esistenza. Turin, 1939.
Introduzione all’esistenzialismo. Turin, 1947.
Filosofia, religione, scienza. Turin, 1947.
L’esistenzialismo positivo. Turin, 1948.
Possibilita e liberta. Turin, 1956.
Problemi di sociología. Turin, 1959.
Scritti scelti. Turin, 1967.

REFERENCES

Efirov, S. A. Ital’ianskii “pozitivnyi ekzistentsializm.” In Sovremennyi ekzistentsializm. Moscow, 1966.
Efirov, S. A. Ital’ianskaia burzhuaznaia filosofiia XX v. Moscow, 1968.
Giannini, G. L’esistenzialismo positivo di N. Abbagnano. Brescia, 1956.
Santucci, A. Esistenzialismo e filosofiia italiana, 2nd ed. Bologna, 1967.

S. A. EFIROV

References in periodicals archive ?
The Confutation of Romanticism and the epistemic conditions for a socio-historic investigation of Nicola Abbagnano's Neo-Enlightment
Concetto e critica del romanticismo ottocentesco nel pensiero di Nicola Abbagnano.Rivista di storia della filosofia, 39(3), 551-570.
Chapter 2, "The (Regeneration of Italian Thought," looks at Italian philosophy during the interwar period: fascist philosopher Ugo Spirito (1896-1979), liberalsocialist Guido Calogero (1904-1986), and the existentialists Enrico Castelli (1900-1977) and Nicola Abbagnano (1901-1990).
Para Nicola Abbagnano, dicho concepto "corresponde al comportamiento racional con respecto a los fines y es tipico de quienes se preocupan, sea por los medios destinados a obtener determinados fines, sea por los efectos derivados de la propia actuacion".
(1) Nicola Abbagnano, Diccionario de Filosofia (actualizadoy aumentado por Giovanni Fornero) (Mexico: fce, 2004), 410 [Voz: "Estetica"].
Nicola Abbagnano (1901-1990), the leading representative of secular or humanistic Italian Existentialism; Enrico Castelli (1900-1977), a prominent Catholic existentialist and cultural promoter; Eugenio Garin (1909-2004), Italy's leading historian of Italian Renaissance and twentieth-century philosophy; and Ernesto Grassi (1902-1991), a onetime student of Heidegger and international spokesperson for the studia humanitatis, were all to some degree existentialists, Vichians, historians of philosophy, and invested in the philosophical merits of the Italian Renaissance--Quattrocento Humanism in particular.
From Italian existentialist Nicola Abbagnano to Spanish Christian ontologist Xavier Zubiri, the entries discuss the thought systems of important individual philosophers from around the world, as well as important topics, ranging from aesthetic experience to Zoroastrianism.
The two books under discussion here--one a translation by Nino Langiulli and Bruno Martini, with an accompanying commentary, of a late work by the Italian philosopher Nicola Abbagnano, and the other a study of the relation between philosophy and history by Gabriel Ricci--exhibit shared features.
The analysis of the novel's twofold structure works through notions of existence theorized by Karl Jaspers, and explores the meanings of being, reason, time, and spirituality in relation to existentialist ideas advanced by such philosophers as Soren Kierkegaard and Nicola Abbagnano. In his discussion of L'isola di Arturo, Bardini first notes the inadequacies of Jungian approaches, and others that fail to account for the novel's realist dimensions.
$44.95--Unlike his frequently provocative review essays for interpretation, Nino Langiulli's study of the Italian philosopher and historian of philosophy Nicola Abbagnano is more celebratory than critical.
Diego Alfredo Perez Rivas en su trabajo "La refutacion del romanticismo y las condiciones epistemicas para la investigacion sociohistorica en el neoilluminismo de Nicola Abbagnano" aborda el tema del estatus epistemico de la historia y la sociologia, entre idealismo y positivismo.
In questo articolo descrivo un esperimento nel quale ho studiato l'atto di lettura di testi di tipo diverso, prendendo in esame la parte iniziale di otto testi: un romanzo realistico (Tre operai di Carlo Bernari); un romanzo che fa uso dello stile del racconto poliziesco (A ciascuno il suo di Leonardo Sciascia); un romanzo di tipo fantastico (Il cavaliere inesistente di Italo Calvino); un libro di musica (Breve storia della musica di Massimo Mila); un libro di filosofia (Linee di storia della filosofia di Nicola Abbagnano); un libro di storia (Storia dell'Italia moderna di Giorgio Candeloro); un romanzo che presenta un lungo monologo interiore (Il male oscuro di Giuseppe Berto); uno scritto di tipo sperimentale (Nuovo commento di Giorgio Manganelli).