Nicolae Ceausescu

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Ceauşescu, Nicolae

(nēkŏlī` choushĕs`ko͞o), 1918–89, Romanian statesman. The son of a peasant, he early became active in the Romanian Communist movement and was arrested as a revolutionary; he spent the late 1930s and early 40s in prison, where he became acquainted with the future first secretary of the Romanian Communist party, Gheorghe Gheorghiu-DejGheorghiu-Dej, Gheorghe
, 1901–65, Romanian Communist leader, b. Moldavia. He joined the Communist party in 1930 and while in prison (1933–44) was elected (1936) to the central committee. Escaping in 1944, he became a leading figure in Romanian Communist politics.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Escaping in 1944, Ceauşescu held a variety of posts within Communist party and government ranks after the Communist takeover in 1948. He soon became a member of the party's central committee and then, in 1955, a member of the politburo. Upon Gheorghiu-Dej's death in Mar., 1965, he was chosen first secretary of the central committee of the Communist party and in Dec., 1967, he assumed the office of president of the state council, or head of state. As supreme leader, he continued his mentor's policy of nationalism and independence from the USSR within the context of Marxism-Leninism. He promoted closer relations with the People's Republic of China and with the West, as well as industrial and agricultural development. His domestic rule, however, was marked by frequently disastrous economic schemes and became increasingly repressive and corrupt. In Dec., 1989, a popular uprising, joined by the army, led to the arrest and execution of him and his wife, Elena.

Ceauşescu, Nicolae


Born Jan. 26, 1918, in the village of Scorniceşti, Olt District. A leader of the Rumanian and international communist and working-class movements; political and state figure of the Socialist Republic of Rumania (SRR).

The son of a peasant, Ceauşescu became active in the revolutionary working-class movement in 1932. He joined the Union of Communist Youth (UCY) in 1933 and shortly thereafter became a member of its central committee. In 1936 he joined the Rumanian Communist Party (RCP). He was persecuted for his revolutionary activities. In 1939 and 1940, Ceauşescu served as secretary of the Bucharest city committee of the UCY and was a member of the Central Commission on Work Among Youth of the Central Committee of the RCP. He was arrested in 1940 and remained in prison until 1944.

Ceauşescu served as secretary of the Central Committee of the UCY in 1944 and 1945. In 1945, at the National Conference of the RCP, he was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee. In 1945 and 1946 he served as secretary of the party committee of the first city district of Bucharest, and from 1946 to 1948 he was secretary first of the Dobruja regional party committee and then of the Oltenit̡a regional party committee. Ceauşescu served as deputy minister of agriculture from 1948 to 1950 and as deputy minister of national defense from 1950 to 1954. He became a member of the Central Committee of the RCP in 1952.

Ceauşescu was elected a candidate member of the Politburo and secretary of the Central Committee of the RCP in 1954, and he became a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the RCP in 1955. He was elected first secretary of the Central Committee in March 1965 and general secretary of the Central Committee in July 1965. He served as a member of the Executive Committee and of the Permanent Presidium of the RCP from 1965 to 1974.

Ceauşescu became general secretary of the RCP in August 1969, a member of the Political Executive Committee of the Central Committee of the RCP in 1974, and chairman of the State Council of the SRR in December 1967. He was elected president of the SRR in March 1974. He became chairman of the National Council of the Democracy and Socialist Unity Front in 1968 (from 1968 to 1980 he was chairman of the Socialist Unity Front).

Ceauşescu was named a Hero of Socialist Labor of the Republic in 1964 and a Hero of the SRR in 1971 and was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1978.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
An intricate mixture of Leninism and nationalism (as a 'revolutionary socialist patriotism'), the romantic Leninist vision developed by Nicolae Ceausescu had an impact on both domestic and foreign affairs of Romania and had contributed to its independence obsession and quest for visibility in international relations.
Romania ended its communist dictatorship by overthrowing the regime of Nicolae Ceausescu in a bloody 1989 revolution.
In 1988 the reserve dwindled again, as communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu sold some of the gold to pay off the country's foreign debt.
Nicolae Ceausescu was Romania's seemingly eternal Communist ruler until 1989 when he was booed out of office and out of history by an angry crowd in Bucharest.
The Autobiography of Nicolae Ceausescu (2010) Directed by Andrei Ujica Distributed by The Film Desk www.
He helped the country of Romania write a democratic constitution after the overthrow of the dictator Nicolae Ceausescu.
Among other known state guests were President of Republic of Indonesia General Suharto who planted a Chir Pine in 1980, Head of State of Turkey General Kehan Evern in 1981, Prime Minister of Malaysia Dr Mahathir Bin Mohammad planted Chir Pine in 1984, President of Socialist Republic of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu planted a Chir Pine in 1984, and the ruler of Zimbabwe, Robert Gabriel Mugabe, who planted a Chir Pine in 1987.
The leaflets carried by the balloons urged North Koreans to rise up against their new leader Kim Jong-Un and included pictures of overthrown strongmen like Romania s Nicolae Ceausescu, Iraq s Saddam Hussein and Libya s Moamer Kadhafi.
The villages were often raided during the reign of communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu who herded country people in to the cities.
The European Socialists will vote for the Bulgarian nomination, Sergey Stanishev, to become their leader, in the palace of former Romanian dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu, in Bucharest.
The Romanian institutions are a legacy of the 1960s, when Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu taxed all families that had fewer than five children.
During the Cold War, American diplomats, intelligence specialists, and scholars viewed Romania under the leadership of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu as something of a paradox.