Nicolae Iorga


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Iorga, Nicolae

 

Born June 18, 1871, in Botosani; died Nov. 28, 1940, near Bucharest. Rumanian political figure, historian, and literary scholar; academician of the Rumanian Academy (1910).

In 1906, Iorga was one of the founders of the reactionary National Democratic Party. From 1918 to 1920 he served as chairman of the National Assembly and from 1931 to 1932 as prime minister and minister of public education. Iorga wrote numerous works on the history of Rumania, Turkey, and the Balkan countries; he also studied Rumanian literature of various periods and wrote the History of Romance Literatures. He founded the literary movement known as Sämänätorism (from the name of the journal, Sămănătorul [The Sower]), which emerged as a result of the intensification of the peasant question in Rumania. As leader of the movement, Iorga called for the creation of a literature that could be understood equally by “lord and peasant.” In foreign policy, he supported an Anglo-French orientation. During the last years of his life, he denounced the aggressive policy of fascist Germany. He was killed in 1940 by fascists belonging to the Iron Guard.

WORKS

Geschichte des rumänischen Volkes in Rahmen seiner Staatsbildungen, vols. 1–2. Gotha, 1905.
Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches, vols. 1–5. Gotha, 1908–13.
La Place des roumains dans Vhistoire universelle, vols. 1–3. Bucharest, 1935.
Istoria Romănilor, vols. 1–10. Bucharest, 1936–39.
Istoria literatura romîne din veacul XIX, vols. 1–3. Bucharest, 1907–09.
Istoria presei romîneşti [De la primele începuturi pănă la 1916 … ]. Bucharest, 1922.
Istoria literatura romîneşti, 2nd ed., vols. 1–3. Bucharest, 1925–.
Istoria literatura contemporane, vols. 1–2. Bucharest, 1934.

REFERENCE

Dradoiescu, P. “N. Iorga, date biografice.”Cuvintul rominesc, 1920–21. vol. 2.

Iu. A. KOZHEVNIKOV and A. I. TELEFUS [11 228–1]

References in periodicals archive ?
He had many attempts (General Constantin Prezan--June 1930, Nicolae Titulescu--April 1931, June 1932, Marshal Alexandra Averescu--1934) (Chistol, 2007: 354-357) and only a partial success: the Nicolae Iorga Cabinet (1931-1932).
In 1975, the Nicolae Iorga Institute was to publish a manual on the history of Romania.
The historian Nicolae Iorga showed that women were actresses (one of the first jobs that the Romanian women embraced) and also supported the founding of the Philharmonic Society: "middle class women were courageous enough to show themselves to the audience playing roles in comedies and melodramas.
However, as Nicolae Iorga said, "Europe changes depending on who commands and leads it.
Ciociltan is a researcher at the Nicolae Iorga Institute of History at the Romanian Academy, Bucharest.
Nicolae Iorga, Preface to Octavian Gorescu, Vacaresti, Monastery.
In 1925, Vasile Bancila, being an apologist of "holiday spirit", discusses the problem of forced reform in the magazine "Ideea europeana" (17), and later Nicolae Iorga, in The History of Romanian Church, emphasizes the same conservative and mystical folk psychology, which prevented the Romanians to accept the change (18).
It is no coincidence that the historian Nicolae Iorga numbers among the latter.
Ziolkowski races past the Ovids of Vasile Aaron, Vasile Alecsandri, and Nicolae Iorga to favor two modems, Vintila Horia and Marin Mincu.
The action to save and restore monuments in Romania began with the establishment of the Commission for Historical Monuments in 1892 and the election of Nicolae Iorga as President was instrumental in initiating operations of restoration of monuments in Romania.
Cuza pudo entrar a la vida publica solamente a traves del apoyo inicial de Nicolae Iorga.