Nicolae Iorga

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Iorga, Nicolae


Born June 18, 1871, in Botosani; died Nov. 28, 1940, near Bucharest. Rumanian political figure, historian, and literary scholar; academician of the Rumanian Academy (1910).

In 1906, Iorga was one of the founders of the reactionary National Democratic Party. From 1918 to 1920 he served as chairman of the National Assembly and from 1931 to 1932 as prime minister and minister of public education. Iorga wrote numerous works on the history of Rumania, Turkey, and the Balkan countries; he also studied Rumanian literature of various periods and wrote the History of Romance Literatures. He founded the literary movement known as Sämänätorism (from the name of the journal, Sămănătorul [The Sower]), which emerged as a result of the intensification of the peasant question in Rumania. As leader of the movement, Iorga called for the creation of a literature that could be understood equally by “lord and peasant.” In foreign policy, he supported an Anglo-French orientation. During the last years of his life, he denounced the aggressive policy of fascist Germany. He was killed in 1940 by fascists belonging to the Iron Guard.


Geschichte des rumänischen Volkes in Rahmen seiner Staatsbildungen, vols. 1–2. Gotha, 1905.
Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches, vols. 1–5. Gotha, 1908–13.
La Place des roumains dans Vhistoire universelle, vols. 1–3. Bucharest, 1935.
Istoria Romănilor, vols. 1–10. Bucharest, 1936–39.
Istoria literatura romîne din veacul XIX, vols. 1–3. Bucharest, 1907–09.
Istoria presei romîneşti [De la primele începuturi pănă la 1916 … ]. Bucharest, 1922.
Istoria literatura romîneşti, 2nd ed., vols. 1–3. Bucharest, 1925–.
Istoria literatura contemporane, vols. 1–2. Bucharest, 1934.


Dradoiescu, P. “N. Iorga, date biografice.”Cuvintul rominesc, 1920–21. vol. 2.

Iu. A. KOZHEVNIKOV and A. I. TELEFUS [11 228–1]

References in periodicals archive ?
He had many attempts (General Constantin Prezan--June 1930, Nicolae Titulescu--April 1931, June 1932, Marshal Alexandra Averescu--1934) (Chistol, 2007: 354-357) and only a partial success: the Nicolae Iorga Cabinet (1931-1932).
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Nicolae Iorga, Preface to Octavian Gorescu, Vacaresti, Monastery.
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Ziolkowski races past the Ovids of Vasile Aaron, Vasile Alecsandri, and Nicolae Iorga to favor two modems, Vintila Horia and Marin Mincu.
The action to save and restore monuments in Romania began with the establishment of the Commission for Historical Monuments in 1892 and the election of Nicolae Iorga as President was instrumental in initiating operations of restoration of monuments in Romania.
Cuza pudo entrar a la vida publica solamente a traves del apoyo inicial de Nicolae Iorga.