Nicolás Guillén

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Guillén, Nicolás

 

(full name, Nicolás Guillén Batista). Born July 10, 1902, in Camaguey. Cuban poet and public figure. Member of the Communist Party of Cuba since 1937.

Guillén’s first verses were published in 1919. His poetic cycles Song Motifs (1930) and Sóngoro cosongo (1931; Russian translation, 1967) deal with the life of Cuban Negroes. In the poetry collections West Indies Company (1934) and Songs for Soldiers and Songs for Tourists (1937), Guillén turned to political lyrics. His stay in Spain in 1937 is reflected in the narrative poem Spain: A Poem in Four Sorrows and One Hope (1937). Guillén supported the Republic in the struggle against fascism, actively taking part in the Popular Front’s press. The cycle All Songs (1947) tells of the struggle and the sufferings of Cuba and other Latin American countries. For his progressive activity Guillén was arrested several times by the government of the dictator Batista. During 1954-59 he lived abroad, visiting the USSR and other socialist countries. In 1958 he published the poetry collection The National Dove.

In 1959, after the triumph of the people’s revolution, he returned to his homeland and in 1961 was elected chairman of the Cuban Writers’ and Artists’ Union. His poetry collection All Mine (1964) dealt with the new socialist homeland. Guillén’s work is closely linked to Cuban musical and oral folklore. Guillén was influenced by the tradition of Creole folk poetry, the freedom-loving Cuban poetry of the 19th century, and the classical forms and meters of Spanish poetry. In 1950 he became a member of the International Council of Peace. Guillén received the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Nations (1954).

WORKS

Antología mayor. [Havana, 1964.]
In Russian translation:
Stikhi. Moscow, 1957.
Novye stikhi. Moscow, 1966.

REFERENCES

Ospovat, L. S. “Nikolas Gil’en i narodnaia pesnia.” In Istorikoetnograficheskie ocherki. Moscow, 1961. Pages 498-533.
Plavskin, Z. Nikolas Gil’en. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
Nikolas Gil’en: Biobibliografcheskii ukazatel’. Compiled by L. A. Shur. Moscow, 1964.
Zemskov, V. B. “Sony Gil’ena i narodnyi son.” Latinskaia Amerika, 1970, no. 3.
Augier, A. Nicolás Guillén, vols. 1-2. [Havana] 1962-64.

Z. I. PLAVSKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Poema en cuatro angustias y una esperanza (1937) de Nicolas Guillen, mientras que en Revista de las Espanas comento otros tres libros muy significativos, todos recien salidos de la editorial de Hora de Espana: El hombre y el trabajo (1938) de Arturo Serrano Plaja, Son nombres ignorados (1938) de Juan Gil-Albert y Entre dos fuegos (1938) de Antonio Sanchez Barbudo.
Continua el poeta ganador de multiples premios, entre otros, el Internacional de Poesia Nicolas Guillen 2008: "La palabra mas pronunciada y publicada por entonces era precisamente balacera, de ahi el titulo.
A mediados de 1980, el poeta nacional cubano, Nicolas Guillen (1902-1989), presidente entonces de la Union de Escritores y Artistas de Cuba (UNEAC), me solicito que le realizara varios dibujos para ilustrar tres de sus poemas cosmicos que serian editados en el libro titulado Sputnik 57, con el objeto de ser enviado al espacio circunterrestre en la nave Soyuz 38 por la Union Sovietica.
A discussion of the concept that builds on island-Cuban criticism regarding mixed-race constructions from Nicolas Guillen and Walterio Carbonell to Gaston Baquero and Nancy Morejon, plus criticism in and out of the u.
El propio Nicolas Guillen, refiriendose a la pagina dirigida por Urrutia aseveraba:
4) Hernandez set poetry by William Shakespeare, the Siglo de Oro poets, Miguel de Cervantes, Pedro Calderon de la Barca, and Luis de Gongora, modern poets such as Federico Garcia Lorca and Juan Ramon Jimenez of Spain, and the Cuban poet, Nicolas Guillen.
The third and final part, "The United States as Literary Theme," is the briefest of the three, and contains only seven selections, some of them poetry (Ruben Dario, Nicolas Guillen, and Pablo Neruda), and the others narrative fiction (Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Mario Benedetti, Esmeralda Santiago, and Christine Granados).
Luego, identifico los 69 poemas que forman aquella antologia y descubrio que pertenecian a cuatro poetas: Cesar Vallejo, Nicolas Guillen, Leon Felipe y Pablo Neruda.
Segundo, el recorrido historico nos parece correcto pero a la vez impreciso; notable es la ausencia del cine universitario chileno (Cine Experimental Universidad de Chile, fundado por Sergio Bravo) y de nombres fundamentales quizas para pensar lo experimental en nuestro continente, como son el caso de Hugo Santiago, Raul Ruiz, Claudio Caldini, Nicolas Guillen Landrian, entre otros.
Nicolas Guillen is a short, stocky man with a large barrel chest, caramel colored skin, bright hazel eyes, guttural voice, and an enormous head.
Lina de Feria, poet and essayist, National Poetry Prize Nicolas Guillen, Cuba.