Nicole Oresme


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Oresme, Nicole

 

Born circa 1323 in Oresme, Normandy; died 1382 in Lisieux. French mathematician, physicist, and economist.

Oresme made one of the first attempts to construct a rectilinear coordinate system, and he introduced such concepts of mechanics as acceleration and the average rate of uniformly changing motion. In 1368 he introduced the use of fractional exponents. His Traité de la sphère (Treatise on the Sphere) played a significant role in the development of French astronomical and geographical terminology.

WORKS

Algorismus proportianum. Edited by E. L. W. Curtz. Berlin, 1868.

REFERENCES

Trudy Instituta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947. Pages 283–314.
Ibid., vol. 34. Moscow, 1960. Pages 343–49.
Pedersen, O. “Nicole Oresme, og hans naturfilosofiske system ….” In Le Livre du ciel et du monde (doctoral dissertation). Copenhagen, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
We learn that Nicole Oresme anticipated Descartes' idea of coordinate systems on page 152, then again on page 154.
So the metaphor of the world as a clock built by a divine clockmaker came naturally to Thomas Bradwardine (184) and Nicole Oresme (190).
The definition of and attitudes towards moneylenders, representations of poverty and money in four Towneley plays, the linking of the sound of music and money in the music of Nicole Oresme, ethical dilemmas arising from churches earning money, and painted representations of merchants as a new masculine ideal are some of the topics.
The principle of methodological naturalism had its origins in pre-Socratic philosophy, was revived by medieval natural philosophers like Nicole Oresme and informed the work of Galileo, Newton and Francis Bacon.
Weill-Parot pursues these problems in al-Kindi, Guillaume d'Auvergne, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, Roger Bacon, and then more briefly in Matteo d'Aquasparta, John Peckham, Pierre d'Auvergne, Michael Scot, Cecco d'Ascoli, John of Eschenden, Leopoldus of Austria, Taddeo da Parma, John of Saxe, Andreas de Sommaria, Nicole Oresme, Heinrich von Langenstein, Arnaud de Villeneuve, Pietro d'Abano, Guy de Chauliac, and various other fourteenth-century physicians.