Nicole Oresme


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Oresme, Nicole

 

Born circa 1323 in Oresme, Normandy; died 1382 in Lisieux. French mathematician, physicist, and economist.

Oresme made one of the first attempts to construct a rectilinear coordinate system, and he introduced such concepts of mechanics as acceleration and the average rate of uniformly changing motion. In 1368 he introduced the use of fractional exponents. His Traité de la sphère (Treatise on the Sphere) played a significant role in the development of French astronomical and geographical terminology.

WORKS

Algorismus proportianum. Edited by E. L. W. Curtz. Berlin, 1868.

REFERENCES

Trudy Instituta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947. Pages 283–314.
Ibid., vol. 34. Moscow, 1960. Pages 343–49.
Pedersen, O. “Nicole Oresme, og hans naturfilosofiske system ….” In Le Livre du ciel et du monde (doctoral dissertation). Copenhagen, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Lire, indexer et gloser: Nicole Oresme et la 'Politique' d'Aristote." In Lecrit dans la societe medievale: Divers aspects de sa pratique du XIe au XVe siecle: Textes en hommage a Lucie Fossier, edited by Caroline Bourlet and Annie Dufour, 167-181.
"Nicole Oresme et le francais medieval." In Figures de lecrivain au Moyen Age: Actes du colloque du Centre d'Etudes Medievales de l'Universite de Picardie, Amiens, 18-20 mars 1988, edited by Danielle Bushinger, 235-243.
See also Michele Goyens, et al., Science Translated: Latin and Vernacular Translations of Scientific Treatises in Medieval Europe (Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press, 2008); Joan Cadden, "Charles V, Nicole Oresme, and Christine de Pizan: Unities and Uses of Knowledge in Fourteenth-Century France," in Texts and Contexts in Ancient and Medieval Science: Studies on the Occasion of John E.
La usura no esta entre los temas discutidos en el comentario a la Politica, sobre los cuales puede haber alguna relacion entre John Buridan y Nicole Oresme. Oresme menciona brevemente la usura: es ciertamente un mal pero no es tan malo como la degradacion del dinero.
Philosopher, mathematician, physicist, economist, and, in Pierre Duhem's esteemed opinion, one of the principal founders of modern science, Nicole Oresme's contribution to knowledge extends well beyond his translations of Aristotle.
None is treated very extensively, but under this last is included an interesting, recently discovered parallel with an astronomical treatise by Nicole Oresme. Leyerle's speculation concerning the date of the poem (1379-81) is quoted, based on astronomical reference.
In 1370 Nicole Oresme, Dean of Rouen Cathedral, argued against the idea in a commentary on Aristotle's De caelo.
Nederman explores the work of Nicole Oresme and Christine de Pizan to show that writers in the fourteenth century, though perhaps not blatantly extolling avarice as a virtue, certainly believed in the benefits of accumulating material wealth, especially for the commonweal.
Their topics include heresy, madness, and possession in the High Middle Ages; the secret history of Marsiglio of Padua's Defensor Pacis in the thought of Nicole Oresme; two 17th-century views of the causes and functions of heres;, and the Albigenses in ecclesiastical history and literature, 1550-1850.
A purported example of this is the frontispiece representing Nicole Oresme presenting his translation of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics to the King of France (figure 3.1).
Nederman examines Christine's unique deployment of the metaphor of the body politic by way of a comparison with that of fourteenth-century philosopher Nicole Oresme. A contribution by Susan J.
It may be significant here to recall that the words politique and policie are included by Nicole Oresme among a table of hard and unfamiliar terms in his French translation of Aristotle's Politics (1372), and that neither word is recorded in English before 1390.