Nicole Oresme

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Oresme, Nicole


Born circa 1323 in Oresme, Normandy; died 1382 in Lisieux. French mathematician, physicist, and economist.

Oresme made one of the first attempts to construct a rectilinear coordinate system, and he introduced such concepts of mechanics as acceleration and the average rate of uniformly changing motion. In 1368 he introduced the use of fractional exponents. His Traité de la sphère (Treatise on the Sphere) played a significant role in the development of French astronomical and geographical terminology.


Algorismus proportianum. Edited by E. L. W. Curtz. Berlin, 1868.


Trudy Instituta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947. Pages 283–314.
Ibid., vol. 34. Moscow, 1960. Pages 343–49.
Pedersen, O. “Nicole Oresme, og hans naturfilosofiske system ….” In Le Livre du ciel et du monde (doctoral dissertation). Copenhagen, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lire, indexer et gloser: Nicole Oresme et la 'Politique' d'Aristote.
La usura no esta entre los temas discutidos en el comentario a la Politica, sobre los cuales puede haber alguna relacion entre John Buridan y Nicole Oresme.
Weill-Parot pursues these problems in al-Kindi, Guillaume d'Auvergne, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, Roger Bacon, and then more briefly in Matteo d'Aquasparta, John Peckham, Pierre d'Auvergne, Michael Scot, Cecco d'Ascoli, John of Eschenden, Leopoldus of Austria, Taddeo da Parma, John of Saxe, Andreas de Sommaria, Nicole Oresme, Heinrich von Langenstein, Arnaud de Villeneuve, Pietro d'Abano, Guy de Chauliac, and various other fourteenth-century physicians.
None is treated very extensively, but under this last is included an interesting, recently discovered parallel with an astronomical treatise by Nicole Oresme.
In 1370 Nicole Oresme, Dean of Rouen Cathedral, argued against the idea in a commentary on Aristotle's De caelo.
Nederman explores the work of Nicole Oresme and Christine de Pizan to show that writers in the fourteenth century, though perhaps not blatantly extolling avarice as a virtue, certainly believed in the benefits of accumulating material wealth, especially for the commonweal.
A purported example of this is the frontispiece representing Nicole Oresme presenting his translation of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics to the King of France (figure 3.
Nederman examines Christine's unique deployment of the metaphor of the body politic by way of a comparison with that of fourteenth-century philosopher Nicole Oresme.