Niccoló Jommelli

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jommelli, Niccoló


Born Sept. 10, 1714, in A versa, near Naples; died Aug. 25, 1774, in Naples. Italian composer, representative of the Neapolitan school of opera.

Jommelli became a member of the Bologna Philharmonic Academy in 1741. He composed more than 70 operas; among his most outstanding were Merope (1741), Artaxerxes (1749), and Phaethon (1753; 2nd version, 1768). Jommelli also wrote church music (for example, the famous Miserere) and intermezzi (for example, Don Falcone, which was performed in St. Petersburg in 1779). Anticipating the operatic reforms of C. W. Gluck, he assigned an important place to the accompanied recitative and intensified the dramatic role of the chorus and the orchestra in his operas.


Livanova, T. N. Istoriia zapadno-evropeiskoi muzyki do 1789 goda. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Abert, N. Niccoló Jommelli als Opernkomponist. Halle, 1908.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Number one was the Wolffheim Codex (Berkeley MS 746), studied in detail in John Emerson's article "The Recovery of the Wolffheim Antiphonal." (14) Number two, the Berkeley Organ Manuscript (MS 751 A+B, seventeenth century); number three, the Berkeley Theory Manuscript (MS 749, fourteenth century), and so on through the madrigals of Michelangelo Rossi (1601/2-1656; MS 749), the letters of Nicolo Jommelli (1714-1774; MS 755), and a sketch leaf by Beethoven for his String Quartet op.
Naples emerged as an important center for cantata composition between the years 1680--1740 with such composers as Francesco Provenzale, Alessandro Scarlatti, Francesco Mancini, Nicola Fago, Domenico Sarro, Nicola Porpora, Francesco Feo, Leonardo Leo, Leonardo Vinci, Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Nicolo Jommelli, and the Sicilian-born Emanuele Baron d'Astorga.