Nicomachus of Gerasa

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nicomachus of Gerasa


(also Nichomachus). Lived circa 100 A.D. Ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher.

Nicomachus of Gerasa was the author of the work Introductio arithmetica (Introduction to Arithmetic), which was well known in ancient Greece. This work, a survey of the principles of number theory, deals with proportions and with prime, composite, relatively prime, and other numbers. Some of Nicomachus’ works on music have also been preserved.


Nicomachi Geraseni Pythagorei introductionis arithmeticae libri 11. Critically revised by R. Hoche. Leipzig, 1866.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) John Philoponus, Introduction to the Arithmetic of Nicomachus I, in The Works of Aristotle Volume XII: Select Fragments, ed.
The symbolism is clear and significant if reference is made to the three dramatic impiety trials in Athens in 400 / 399 BC--the trials of Socrates, Andocides and Nicomachus. But, although the issue in each case was impiety (asebeia) these trials were before a popular court and not the Areopagus.
(41) The Nicomachean Ethics, a compilation of Aristotle's lecture notes, was probably named after or dedicated to Aristotle's son Nicomachus (fl.
A story of Pythagoras, told by Nicomachus of Gerasa (c.
[22] Nicomachus Aristotle Stagiritis, (384-322BC) Rhetoric.
he was the adopted son of Proxenos and the father of Nicomachus.
(97) In the second century, for example, the following philosophical texts promoted the propaedeutic value of mathematics: Nicomachus Arithmetica Introductio 1.3.6-7; Theon of Smyrna Expositio 1.1-2.2; Plutarch, Quaestiones Conviviales 718e; Alcinous Didaskalikos 7.
Although we may find references to the responsibility of politics in Aristotle's Ethics of Nicomachus, it was not before the 1960s that the improvement of the quality of life of any society being the duty of wielders of power became political evidence (Kopp & Skrabski 2008).
(15) Especially Nicomachus Flavianus Iunior (praefectus urbi Romae 393/94) was put forward several times (cf.
Among the paintings was a depiction of a hero by Timanthes (35.74), of Ialysus (local hero of Rhodes) by Protogenes (35.101-02) and of Scylla by Nicomachus (35.108-09).