Nicomachus of Gerasa

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nicomachus of Gerasa


(also Nichomachus). Lived circa 100 A.D. Ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher.

Nicomachus of Gerasa was the author of the work Introductio arithmetica (Introduction to Arithmetic), which was well known in ancient Greece. This work, a survey of the principles of number theory, deals with proportions and with prime, composite, relatively prime, and other numbers. Some of Nicomachus’ works on music have also been preserved.


Nicomachi Geraseni Pythagorei introductionis arithmeticae libri 11. Critically revised by R. Hoche. Leipzig, 1866.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A story of Pythagoras, told by Nicomachus of Gerasa (c.
This is suggested in light of the fact that, as the paper explains, the hebdomad plays an important role within the neo-Pythagorean literature of Nicomachus of Gerasa, a thinker with whose writings Boethius was intimately familiar, and to whose works Boethius is often indebted.
John Dillon(1) attempted to date the philosopher and Neopythagorean Nicomachus of Gerasa by reference to the later philosopher Proclus.
Dillon, `A date for the death of Nicomachus of Gerasa?', CR n.s.
McDermott, `Plotina Augusta and Nicomachus of Gerasa', Historia 26 (1977), 192-203.
In middle-Platonism for example, Nicomachus of Gerasa was the first to offer a true proof, based on Platonico-Pythagorean ontology, of the unity of the four mathematical sciences, which he compares to the steps of a ladder or to the four paths (tessares methodoi) leading to knowledge of the intelligible.