Nicomedia


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Related to Nicomedia: Nicaea, Galerius, Constantius, Nicæa

Nicomedia

(nĭkōmē`dēə), ancient city, NW Asia Minor, near the Bosporus, in present-day Turkey. Refounded (264 B.C.) by Nicomedes I of BithyniaBithynia
, ancient country of NW Asia Minor, in present-day Turkey. The original inhabitants were Thracians who established themselves as independent and were given some autonomy after Cyrus the Great incorporated Bithynia into the Persian Empire.
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 to replace Astacus as his capital, it flourished for centuries. The Goths sacked the city in A.D. 258. Diocletian chose it for the eastern imperial capital, but it was soon superseded by Byzantium (Constantinople). The modern city on its site is Izmit.

Nicomedia

 

(now Izmit, Turkey), ancient city in Bithynia, founded in 264 B.C. by Nicomedes I as the capital of Bithynia. From 74 B.C., when Bithynia became a Roman province, Nicomedia was the province’s capital. In the fourth century A.D. it was the residence of the Roman emperors Diocletian and Constantine the Great, during which time it acquired great cultural significance and was called the Athens of Bithynia. Situated on the route from Asia Minor to the Balkans, Nicomedia was a major trade and artisan center in the classical and Byzantine periods. In 1337 it was captured by the Turks and subsequently renamed Izmit.

References in periodicals archive ?
(82) Martyred in Nicomedia by the Emperors Diocletian and Maximian in the early fourth century.
Apolodoro foi tambem o autor de uma Parthica amplamente utilizada como fonte por Estrabao, Pompeu Trogo e, no caso da historiografia romana, Arriano de Nicomedia (autor da outra Parthica produzida nos dois primeiros seculos da era crista).
Juliana of Nicomedia from the Exeter Book and Fates of the Apostles and Elena: The Finding of the True Cross from the Vercelli Book.
As a result, some of them chose living at the Rhine and Danube, like Maximinius I, Diocletian chose Nicomedia to his residency, till Constantine I came and built Constantinople in early 4th century at the confluence of the Bosphorus Sea of Marmara so to be the residency of Emperors and the new Rome.
Thokoly died in exile in Ottoman Anatolia, in Izmit (ancient Nicomedia), where I was born.
If a firm date for the base's establishment is elusive, in the early 3rd century Cyzicus still harbored an unspecified fleet (Misene?), which a private citizen tried to arouse against Elagabalus, wintering at Nicomedia (218-19).
(145) Fifty-four years later, when the newly victorious Constantine invited bishops to dinner in his Roman palace he discovered that they were living in the tradition of Cyprian--their "appearance was modest as to style of dress." (146) In 326 a bevy of bishops were summoned to a banquet in Constantine's palace in Nicomedia to celebrate the twentieth anniversary of his accession.
The interaction between the Ottoman court and Byzantium is reflected in a transparent sakkos (eclesiastical tunic) of silk and gilt metal thread presented before 1629 by the sultan to Neophytos when he became Metropolitan of Nicomedia.
Juliana of Nicomedia en route to her execution preached publicly to hundreds.
In realta, com'e noto, Costantino non ricevette il battesimo se non prima della morte, per mano oltretutto dell'ariano Eusebio di Nicomedia. Sulla genesi e redazione del testo, si rimanda al recente studio di Canella, Tessa, Gli Actus Siluestri: genesi di una leggenda su Costantino imperatore, Spoleto, Fondazione Centro italiano di studi sull'alto Medioevo, 2006, e all'ampia bibliografia ivi contenuta; sul battesimo tardo di Costantino e sulla <<rielaborazione ortodossa>> della vicenda, fino agli Actus Siluestri, vd.