Nicopolis


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Nicopolis

(nĭkŏp`əlĭs, nī–) [Gr.,=city of victory], ancient city, NW Greece, in Epirus. It was founded by Octavian (later Augustus) to celebrate the victory (31 B.C.) at Actium, which is nearby. The city largely eclipsed Ambracia (see ÁrtaÁrta
, formerly Ambracia
, city (1991 pop. 21,286), capital of Árta prefecture, W Greece, in Epirus, near the mouth of the Arachtus River. It is a trading and shipping center for agricultural goods including cotton, grain, citrus fruits, almonds, and
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). It is mentioned by St. Paul (Titus 3.12). Its ruins are near the modern Préveza.

Nicopolis

 

(in Greek, “city of victory”), the name of a number of cities founded by the Romans. The largest were Nicopolis in Cappadocia, founded by Pompey in commemoration of the victory over Mithridates VI Eupator in 66 B.C.; Nicopolis in Epirus, founded by Augustus in memory of the victory at Actium in 31 B.C.; and Nicopolis in Lower Moesia (Nicopolis ad Istrum, 20 km east of the modern city of Veliko Turnovo in Bulgaria), founded by Trajan after the victory over the Dacians in A.D. 102.

Nicopolis ad Istrum reached its zenith in the second and third centuries; it was destroyed by the Avars in the early seventh century. Periodic excavations, the first of which was in 1899, have uncovered the remains of defensive walls, a forum, a bouleuterion, an odeum, baths, and shops, as well as sculptures, inscriptions, coins, and household items.

REFERENCES

“Nikopolis.” In Paulys Realencyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft, vol. 33. Stuttgart, 1936. Columns 511–39.
Ivanov, T. “Razskopki v Nikopolis ad Istrum, prez 1945 g.” Izvestiia na Arkheologicheskiia institut, book 18. Sofia, 1952.
References in periodicals archive ?
From Nicopolis to Mohacs: A History of Ottoman-Hungarian Warfare, 1389-1526
Bannalotlhe, a Gaborone University College graduate, walked away with a mini Apple Ipad, a bursary for a certificate course at Gaborone University College and a night and breakfast for two at Nicopolis Self catering
Suas contribuicoes chegaram ate mesmo a ajudar o povo de Antioquia, Rodes e Quios, bem como de Nicopolis, que o imperador fundou perto de Actium (1) e onde Herodes erigiu a maioria de suas construcoes publicas (Weiss 2014: 12).
Aesculapius and Hygeia are depicted together in coins from Anchialos, Apollonia Pontica (Sozopol/Bulgaria), Bizya, Hadrianopolis, Nicopolis (Tarnavo/Bulgaria), Pautalia, and Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi/Turkey).
While conventional histories would narrate the fortunes of the Valois dynasty in Burgundy emphasizing events like the Crusade of Nicopolis, the calamitous appanage system of the late-medieval period, the French civil wars of the 15th century, and so on, Huizinga suggested that something else was more significant, something that eluded conventional history and its desire to delineate cause and effect, something daring well beyond most historians today.
By equating Nikolsburg with Emmaus, Hubmaier flattered Martin Goschl, who was a titular bishop of Nicopolis in Palestine (which is the Greek name of the biblical Emmaus).
Epicteto, Frigio, de Hierapolis, liberto de Epafrodito (um dos guarda-costas do imperador Nero), influente filosofo estoico no seculo I d.C., ministrava aulas em Nicopolis. Segundo fontes classicas, Epicteto nada teria escrito, mas seu pensamento nos chegou por um de seus alunos, Flavio Arriano Xenofonte, que compilou suas aulas e as transformou em oito livros, as Diatribes, das quais nos chegaram apenas as quatro primeiras e, delas, uma sintese do pensamento estoico, o Encheiridion, a partir da qual, aqueles ja familiarizados com os principios teoricos dessa escola poderiam usar como uma ferramenta sempre a mao quando fosse necessario aplicar seus ensinamentos.
For instance, the writings of Hans Schiltberger who was later captured at Nicopolis, offer some details about the cities he visited such as Constantinople, Adrianople, and Bursa.
The expedition's destruction by the Turkish sultan Bayezid I at the Battle of Nicopolis would bring to a crashing close a project first envisioned nearly a half-century before.