Niépce, Joseph Nicéphore

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Niépce, Joseph Nicéphore

(zhôzĕf` nēsāfôr` nyĕps), 1765–1833, French chemist who originated a process of photography (see photography, stillphotography, still,
science and art of making permanent images on light-sensitive materials.

See also photographic processing; motion picture photography; motion pictures.
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). In 1826 he produced the first known photograph, which he called a heliograph, using bitumen of Judea (a form of asphalt) on on a pewter plate. From 1829 he worked with Louis DaguerreDaguerre, Louis Jacques Mandé
, 1789–1851, French scene painter and physicist, inventor of the daguerreotype, a photograph produced on a silver-coated copper plate treated with iodine vapor.
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, who perfected the process after the death of Niépce. A nephew, Claude Felix Abel Niépce de Saint-Victor, 1805–70, also a chemist, was the first to use albumen in photography and also produced photographic engravings on steel.

Niepce, Joseph Nicéphore

 

Born Mar. 7, 1765, in Châlon-sur-Saône; died there July 3, 1833. French inventor in photography.

Niepce was the first to invent a method of fixing the image obtained in a camera obscura. In this method, developed during the 1820’s, he used a silver-coated copper plate covered with a layer of light-sensitive bitumen. In 1829 he concluded an agreement with L. J. M. Daguerre to collaborate on improving his invention.

REFERENCE

Raskin, N. M. Zh. N. N’eps, L.-Zh.-M. Dager, V.-G.-F. Talbot. Leningrad, 1967.