In 1905, Homer Hulbert wrote: "The night soil
is carried away by men who make it a regular business but unfortunately it is done in the daytime and not at night.
Disregarding the obviously unpleasant process of fertilising the olive frees by the prisoners, how did the medal get into the night soil
? Was it accidentally 'lost' during McEntire's service in the colony?
For example, "where in Japan, night soil
could be used in lieu of rent, in England one had to pay to have it taken away" (p.
There are unearthed rums to pick over: the precariously clinging, white-washed village of Oia to explore: and the main town of Santorini itself for a noontime plate of calamari washed down with an ever-so-lightly-sparkling Santorini white wine; before descending the steep cliff by aerial tramway, astride a mischievous mute, or more wearily on foot avoiding the dotted piles of night soil
His first hours in China started out in a pile of "night soil
" (human excrement used as fertilizer) in a rice paddy.
By category, polluted sludge accounted for a little more than 40%, followed by animal night soil
and architectural waste.
The night soil
was transported to the countryside for fertilizer.
The use of "night soil
" on cropland is ancient, but modern sewage and farming systems have greatly complicated the risks of using our most obvious fertilizer.
In the middle of the night the jamcar came for the night soil
and the smell was so bad I had to hide my head under the pillow and keep my breath in.
From Takahiro Hisa's "Tapping the Riches of Night Soil
," for example, we learn that the city of Tokyo currently produces 1,500 tons of feces daily, posing a waste-disposal problem with disastrous environmental implications.
By the 1840s, the cost of delivery to the countryside was double the market value of the manure, cutting into the profit margins of London's scavenging contractors, who were paid for collecting 'night soil
', but expected also to be able to market it.
': Sanitation in Manila early 1900s !-- -- Garbage, flooding, and unsanitary ways have plagued Manila since the Spanish and American times.