nightingale

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nightingale,

common name for a migratory Old World bird of the family Turdidae (thrush family), celebrated for its vocal powers. The common nightingale of England and Western Europe, Luscinia megarhynchos, is about 6 1-2 in. (16.3 cm) long, reddish-brown above and grayish-white below. It winters in Africa and reaches England about mid-April. Its famous song is delivered only by the male during the breeding season, at any time of day or night. A larger species is found in Eastern Europe. The bulbul, a prodigious songster of Persian literature, was once thought to be a nightingale but has been identified with another family; the Virginia nightingale is a grosbeak; and the Pekin, or Japanese, nightingale belongs to the babbler family. Nightingales are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Turdidae.

nightingale

identified with mortality. [Animal Symbolism: Mercatante, 163]
See: Death

nightingale

immortal bird whose voice has been heard from time immemorial. [Br. Poetry: Keats “Ode to a Nightingale”]

nightingale

1. a brownish European songbird, Luscinia megarhynchos, with a broad reddish-brown tail: well known for its musical song, usually heard at night
2. any of various similar or related birds, such as Luscinia luscinia (thrush nightingale)

Nightingale

Florence, known as the Lady with the Lamp. 1820--1910, English nurse, famous for her work during the Crimean War. She helped to raise the status and quality of the nursing profession and founded a training school for nurses in London (1860)
References in classic literature ?
The Student looked up from the grass, and listened, but he could not understand what the Nightingale was saying to him, for he only knew the things that are written down in books.
But the Oak-tree understood, and felt sad, for he was very fond of the little Nightingale who had built her nest in his branches.
So the Nightingale sang to the Oak-tree, and her voice was like water bubbling from a silver jar.
And when the Moon shone in the heavens the Nightingale flew to the Rose-tree, and set her breast against the thorn.
But the Tree cried to the Nightingale to press closer against the thorn.
So the Nightingale pressed closer against the thorn, and louder and louder grew her song, for she sang of the birth of passion in the soul of a man and a maid.
So the Nightingale pressed closer against the thorn, and the thorn touched her heart, and a fierce pang of pain shot through her.
cried the Tree, "the rose is finished now"; but the Nightingale made no answer, for she was lying dead in the long grass, with the thorn in her heart.
The acquisition of Nightingales Canadian operations is subject to customary closing conditions, including Nightingale shareholder approval and regulatory approval.
Nightingales: The extraordinary upbringing and curious life of Miss Florence Nightingale.
Last night Birmingham Council chiefs admitted they blundered - by mixing up their Nightingales.
It was during the Great Depression, and like many thousands of families, the Nightingales would have been homeless if not for the help of the government's Works Progress Administration (WPA), which created 8 million jobs and redistributed food, clothing and housing to the poor.