Nahavand

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Nahavand

(nähävänd`), city (1991 pop. 59,307), Hamadan prov., W Iran. It is an agricultural trade center. Nahavand was the scene of a decisive victory of the Arabs over the Persians in 641 or 642. The name also appears as Nehavand and Nihavand.
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Their tactics were crucial in the battles of Nihavand and Rayy, for example, where the Arabs successfully took advantage of existing factionalism in the Iranian ranks.
Malcolm Colledge in his book The Parthians(10) lists some of them; the Suren family based on Seistan, which had the hereditary right to crown the king at the coronation ceremony (an earlier head of his family had defeated Crassus at Carrhae); the house of Karen whose seat lay probably at Nihavand in Media; the family of Gew based on Hyrcania, and that of Mihran on Rhagae (forerunner of modern Tehran).