Niigata


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Niigata

(nē`gätä), city (1990 pop. 486,097), capital of Niigata prefecture, N Honshu, Japan, on the Sea of Japan at the mouth of the Shinano River. It is the main port for the west coast of Honshu and an important point for oil storage and the importing of liquid natural gas. Niigata's manufactures include iron molds, Buddhist altars, lacquerware, and sake. The city is traversed by many canals and is the site of one of the largest flower farms in East Asia. Niigata was opened to foreign trade in 1869. Niigata prefecture (1990 pop. 2,474,602), 4,856 sq mi (12,577 sq km), yields rice, petroleum, gold, silver, machinery, raw silk, and farm products.

Niigata

 

a Japanese prefecture located on Honshu Island, facing the Sea of Japan. Area, 12,600 sq km, including Sado Island. Population, 2,355,000 (1973), over one-half of which is urban. The capital is Niigata.

The topography is mainly mountainous and hilly; about one-fourth of Niigata Prefecture is taken up by the Echigo plain. Forests, mainly deciduous, cover 65 percent of the area. Niigata Prefecture leads the country in the extraction of petroleum, accounting for 80 percent of total Japanese output. The Akatani mines make it third in the mining of iron ore; and there are lead and gold deposits. The most developed industries are the chemical industry, which provides 60 percent of the calcium cyanamide produced in the country; the textile industry, which produces synthetic fibers; oil refining; machine building, including internal-combustion engines, rolling stock, and machine tools; and metallurgy.

Niigata Prefecture is one of Japan’s major rice-producing regions, with a harvest of 887,000 tons in 1970. There are large-scale land reclamation projects. Local agriculture also includes vegetable growing (beans, radishes, and tomatoes), melon cultivation (watermelons), and floriculture (tulips). Fishing and whaling are carried on, and carp are raised for aquariums. Lumber is also produced. National parks in the mountains and health resorts located at mineral springs attract tourists to Niigata Prefecture.

N. A. SMIRNOV


Niigata

 

a city in Japan, located on the western shore of Honshu Island, at the mouth of the Shinano River; the capital of Niigata Prefecture. Population, 384,000 (1973). Niigata is a major seaport with a 1969 freight turnover of 13 million tons. The city is an oil producing and refining center, with a petrochemicals industry. Other local industries include metallurgy (ferroalloys, aluminum), electrical and transportation machine building, textiles (silk, synthetic fibers), lumber cutting, paper, and cement. The city has a university. Large-scale hothouse cultivation is carried on. There are regular sea communications between Niigata and the port of Nakhodka in the USSR.

Niigata

a port in central Japan, on NW Honshu at the mouth of the Shinano River: the chief port on the Sea of Japan. Pop.: 514 678 (2002 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
While the world around us has evolved and changed over the past centuries, the art of Niigata steel manufacturing has stayed true to its original values based on craftsmanship and perfection.
Having introduced the first fully-electric machine at the Japan Plastics Fair in 1984, Niigata says it has devoted all of its R&D resources toward improving all-electric molding machine technology.
At JR Omiya station in Saitama Prefecture, a 200 series train, one that has been running since the start of the service, is featured as the day's special service to Niigata.
5 plant in Niigata will undergo checkups for at least five months, while it remains unclear when stress tests, a prerequisite for restarting the reactor, will be conducted, TEPCO said.
Bridges over the Shinano River in Niigata disappeared into muddy water in the middle, while trees and telephone polls were seen fallen.
Their star striker - Japanese international Keiji Tamada - netted three times in those matches and he could be the key to opening up a disciplined Niigata rearguard.
As a father of two, my heart felt heavy thinking about how the parents of a young girl, who was a first-year junior high school student, felt after she was taken away,'' Aso told reporters after visiting the site in Niigata City where Megumi Yokota was allegedly abducted when she was 13.
Niigata also developed a new injection unit for the series that allows for long pack and hold times without overloading the servo motors, Its LP (Long-time Pressure) unit has low-friction linear guides and digital load cells for more accurate positioning.
Sake can only be produced in five regions of Japan, and while Niigata produces only eight percent of Japan's sake, it is recognized as producing the best sake because of one thing: snow.
8 earthquake hit Niigata in October, killing 40 people and damaging thousands of homes - the deadliest to hit Japan since 1995, when a magnitude-7.
23 earthquakes in Niigata on Saturday and viewed damages done by the powerful temblors, offering words of encouragement to quake survivors.
8 in magnitude, was centred in Niigata - 160 miles north of Tokyo.