Arthur Nikisch

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Nikisch, Arthur

 

Born Oct. 12, 1855, in Lébényi Szant Miklos; died Jan. 23, 1922, in Leipzig. Hungarian conductor and teacher.

From 1866 to 1873, Nikisch studied at the Conservatory in Vienna. Between 1874 and 1877 he played violin in the Vienna court orchestra. In 1878 he became the assistant conductor of the Leipzig Opera. He was the opera’s principal conductor from to 1882 to 1889 and its director in 1905 and 1906. Nikisch conducted some of the world’s major orchestras, including the Boston Symphony (1889–93), the Leipzig Gewandhaus (1895–1922), and the Berlin Philharmonic (1895–1922). With the last orchestra he frequently toured Western European and American cities, as well as St. Petersburg and Moscow (for the first time in 1899). From 1893 to 1895 he was the principal conductor and director of the Budapest Opera; and in 1897 he conducted the symphonic orchestra in Hamburg. Between 1902 and 1907, Nikisch was head of the teaching section and the conducting course at the Leipzig Conservatory, where his pupils included the Soviet conductors K. S. Saradzhev and A. B. Khessin.

Nikisch, a major representative of the romantic tradition of conducting, was an inspired artist who, while outwardly restrained, possessed unusual power over the orchestra. He popularized the music of P. I. Tchaikovsky, which occupied a special place in his repertoire. He also performed works by German romantic composers and contemporary German composers, including A. Bruckner, G. Mahler, and R. Strauss. He wrote a number of musical compositions.

REFERENCES

Lipaev, I. V. Artur Nikish, dirizher orkestra. Moscow-Leipzig [1903].
Kuper, E. A. Pamiati Artura Nikisha. Petrograd, 1922.

G. IA. IUDIN

References in periodicals archive ?
This is an orchestra which has Beethoven coursing through its veins (the first-ever complete symphony recording was one of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, set down by the BPO under Artur Nikisch in 1913), with Herbert von Karajan its most renowned martinet conductor since the years of regular recording.
Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, pianist Artur Schnabel, conductors Artur Nikisch and Bruno Walter and many others all held similar opinions.
The reader finds fascinating descriptions of Leichtentritt's hometown, Pleschen, and its inhabitants on the Polish-Russian frontier; the educational system of the old world; Harvard at the end of the nineteenth century, where Leichtentritt spent three years after his family emigrated to the United States; Boston and its musical life, including detailed accounts of concerts by such celebrities as Arthur Nikisch, Ferruccio Busoni, Ignace Jan Paderewski, and Eugen d'Albert, a concert life that the reader can compare to that of the Boston to which Leichtentritt returned in 1933, and to the European capitals Leichtentritt visited when his family moved back to Europe in 1894.
Yu C, Marchani E, Nikisch G, et al The N141I mutation in PSEN2: Implications for the quintessential case of Alzheimer disease.
Bajo la batuta intermitentemente de Richard Strauss en un trienio sin titular, y de 1895 a 1927 de Arthur Nikisch, con este ultimo la orquesta viajo por practicamente toda Europa, con la asistencia de solistas como Sarasate, Kreisler, Casals o Heifetz; con el, en 1913, realizo, para la Deutsche Grammophon, la primera grabacion discografica de la historia de una sinfonia completa: la Quinta de Beethoven.
He listened to recordings, read biographies and other books on conductors, and considered reviews of performances for his discussion, which begins with Wagner himself, then chronologically treats his pupils Hermann Levi, Felix Mottl, and Karl Muck, and Viennese, American, German, and Russian conductors Arthur Nikisch, Albert Coates, Gustav Mahler, Felix Weingartner, Bruno Walter, Arturo Toscanini, Artur Bodanzky, Wilhelm Furtwangler, Fritz Busch, Erich Kleiber, Hans Knappertsbusch, Clemens Krauss, Karl Bohm, Richard Strauss, Otto Klemperer, and Fritz Reiner.
12 performed by the Boston Symphony under the direction of Arthur Nikisch on April 7, 1893.
en el mismo sentido, JOACHIM GERNHUBER, "Drittwirkungen im Schuldverhaltnis kraft Leistungsnahe Zur Lehre von den Vertragen mit Schutzwirkung fur Dritte", en Festschrift fur Arthur Nikisch, Mohr ed.
4) His wind colleagues were led by Frederick (Friedrich Wilhelm, "Fritz") Moritz, born 1897 in a village in lower Franconia, who at the age of twenty-two had been solo bassoon of the Berlin Philharmonic under Artur Nikisch, and was a veteran of performances with Richard Strauss and Arturo Toscanini.
In 1899 he won the Mendelssohn Prize, and in 1901 he became concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra under Arthur Nikisch.