Arthur Nikisch

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Nikisch, Arthur

 

Born Oct. 12, 1855, in Lébényi Szant Miklos; died Jan. 23, 1922, in Leipzig. Hungarian conductor and teacher.

From 1866 to 1873, Nikisch studied at the Conservatory in Vienna. Between 1874 and 1877 he played violin in the Vienna court orchestra. In 1878 he became the assistant conductor of the Leipzig Opera. He was the opera’s principal conductor from to 1882 to 1889 and its director in 1905 and 1906. Nikisch conducted some of the world’s major orchestras, including the Boston Symphony (1889–93), the Leipzig Gewandhaus (1895–1922), and the Berlin Philharmonic (1895–1922). With the last orchestra he frequently toured Western European and American cities, as well as St. Petersburg and Moscow (for the first time in 1899). From 1893 to 1895 he was the principal conductor and director of the Budapest Opera; and in 1897 he conducted the symphonic orchestra in Hamburg. Between 1902 and 1907, Nikisch was head of the teaching section and the conducting course at the Leipzig Conservatory, where his pupils included the Soviet conductors K. S. Saradzhev and A. B. Khessin.

Nikisch, a major representative of the romantic tradition of conducting, was an inspired artist who, while outwardly restrained, possessed unusual power over the orchestra. He popularized the music of P. I. Tchaikovsky, which occupied a special place in his repertoire. He also performed works by German romantic composers and contemporary German composers, including A. Bruckner, G. Mahler, and R. Strauss. He wrote a number of musical compositions.

REFERENCES

Lipaev, I. V. Artur Nikish, dirizher orkestra. Moscow-Leipzig [1903].
Kuper, E. A. Pamiati Artura Nikisha. Petrograd, 1922.

G. IA. IUDIN

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1913 came the first complete recording of an orchestral work: Ludwig van Beethoven's Fifth Symphony was released on four disks, both sides recorded, with Arthur Nikisch conducting the Berlin Philharmonic.
This is an orchestra which has Beethoven coursing through its veins (the first-ever complete symphony recording was one of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, set down by the BPO under Artur Nikisch in 1913), with Herbert von Karajan its most renowned martinet conductor since the years of regular recording.
A new, proper opera theatre was opened in 1868, with both Arthur Nikisch and a young Gustav Mahler working the podium, but in December, 1943, it was destroyed during Allied bombing.
This orchestra has only guest conductors but they have the greatest of them as the names of Nikisch, Richter, Savanoff, Mengelberg, Weingartner, Steinbach, Sir Thomas Beecham, Sir Henry Wood, Sir Landon Ronald Hamilton Harty, and Albert Coates will amply bear me out.
The reader finds fascinating descriptions of Leichtentritt's hometown, Pleschen, and its inhabitants on the Polish-Russian frontier; the educational system of the old world; Harvard at the end of the nineteenth century, where Leichtentritt spent three years after his family emigrated to the United States; Boston and its musical life, including detailed accounts of concerts by such celebrities as Arthur Nikisch, Ferruccio Busoni, Ignace Jan Paderewski, and Eugen d'Albert, a concert life that the reader can compare to that of the Boston to which Leichtentritt returned in 1933, and to the European capitals Leichtentritt visited when his family moved back to Europe in 1894.
[1.] Yu C, Marchani E, Nikisch G, et al The N141I mutation in PSEN2: Implications for the quintessential case of Alzheimer disease.
He listened to recordings, read biographies and other books on conductors, and considered reviews of performances for his discussion, which begins with Wagner himself, then chronologically treats his pupils Hermann Levi, Felix Mottl, and Karl Muck, and Viennese, American, German, and Russian conductors Arthur Nikisch, Albert Coates, Gustav Mahler, Felix Weingartner, Bruno Walter, Arturo Toscanini, Artur Bodanzky, Wilhelm Furtwangler, Fritz Busch, Erich Kleiber, Hans Knappertsbusch, Clemens Krauss, Karl Bohm, Richard Strauss, Otto Klemperer, and Fritz Reiner.
The foreign Dvorak performance tradition, many a time based upon the creations of the leading artists of the pre-Talich generation (Dvorak's "court" conductors Hans Richter, Hans von Billow, Artur Nikisch), was often considered in the Czech lands a mere interesting alternative not entitled to gain complete artistic sovereignty.
12 performed by the Boston Symphony under the direction of Arthur Nikisch on April 7, 1893.