Nikita Khrushchev


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Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich

 

Born Apr. 5 (17), 1894, in the village of Kalinovka, Kursk Province; died Sept. 11, 1971, in Moscow. Soviet state and party figure. Member of the CPSU from 1918.

Khrushchev was the son of a miner. Over a period beginning in 1908 he worked at various plants and mines of the Donbas. He fought in the Civil War of 1918–20 and subsequently engaged in administrative and party work in the Ukraine. He studied at the Industrial Academy in Moscow in 1929. In 1931, Khrushchev undertook party work in Moscow. In 1935 he became first secretary of the Moscow oblast committee and the Moscow city committee of the ACP(B). From 1938 to March 1947 he was first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) of the Ukraine.

During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, Khrushchev was a member of the military councils of the Southwestern Axis and the Southwestern, Stalingrad, Southern, Voronezh, and First Ukrainian fronts. He was made a lieutenant general in 1943.

From 1944 to 1947, Khrushchev served as chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars (renamed the Council of Ministers in 1946) of the Ukrainian SSR. In December 1947 he was again elected first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) of the Ukraine. In December 1949 he became a secretary of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) and first secretary of the Moscow oblast committee. He was elected a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in March 1953, and in September of that year he was elected first secretary of the Central Committee; from 1958 to 1964 he held the additional post of chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR.

Khrushchev was a delegate to the Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Seventeenth through Twenty-second Congresses of the CPSU and was elected a member of the party’s Central Committee at the Seventeenth through Twenty-second Congresses. He became a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee in 1938, served as a member of the Politburo from 1939 to 1952, and became a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952.

Khrushchev was relieved of his duties as first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU and as a member of the Central Committee’s Presidium at a plenum of the Central Committee on Oct. 14, 1964. As a leader, Khrushchev showed signs of subjectivism and voluntarism.

References in periodicals archive ?
She is an American citizen and a professor of international relations, but quite apart from the fact that she lives in the West, she is the granddaughter as well as the great-granddaughter of Nikita Khrushchev. Her mother was Julia Khrushchev, the daughter of Nikita's son Leonid.
Almost 30,000 people protested in Moscow against the Kremlin's demolition of the so-called khrushchevki, the roughly 8,000 five-storey apartment blocks constructed in Moscow under my grandfather Nikita Khrushchev's leadership in the 1950s.
Recognizing that questions of authenticity would arise, the first book was published with the following statement: "The publisher is convinced beyond any doubt, and has taken pains to confirm, that this is an authentic record of Nikita Khrushchev's words." Nevertheless, there was controversy over the genuineness of the material and Khrushchev himself issued what can only be considered a non-denial denial.
1962: World relief as Cuban missile crisis ends Russian leader NiKita Khrushchev has agreed to dismantle all Russian missiles based in Cuba and ship them BACK to the Soviet Union.
of Mary Washington) presents a study of the transition from communal housing to single-family apartments in the Soviet Union instigated by Nikita Khrushchev in the 1950s.
He befriended Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and helped introduce modern farming technology (including hybrid seed corn, of course) in that part of the world.
After secret negotiations between Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, the US agreed not to invade Cuba if the Soviet Union withdrew its missiles from the island.
Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev engaged in the ultimate “throw down” challenge.
But documents from previously secret Soviet and US archives have revealed a more prosaic reality: that during those 13 days in October 1962, Kennedy and his Soviet counterpart, Nikita Khrushchev, often struggled to control an escalating chain of events.
1945: The last of more than 1,000 V2 rockets fired at Britain landed at Orpington, Kent: the launch sites were then captured by advancing Allies 1958: Nikita Khrushchev ousted prime minister Nikolai Bulganin to take power in the USSR.
Nikita Khrushchev, would eventually emerge as the new Soviet leader.
They promise to build bridges even when there are no rivers" - Nikita Khrushchev; or "Politics is too serious a matter to be left to the politicians" - Charles de Gaulle.