Nikitin


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Nikitin

 

A family of Russian circus performers and entrepreneurs.

The Nikitin brothers—Dmitrii Aleksandrovich (born 1835; died Jan. 13, 1918), Akim Aleksandrovich (born 1843; died Apr. 21, 1917), and Petr Aleksandrovich (born 1846; died Aug. 20, 1921)—were the founders of the first Russian circuses. They were of serf origin.

The Nikitins performed initially in the streets, then in balagany (temporary wooden structures), and finally in circus theaters. In 1873 they opened the Nikitin Brothers’ Russian Circus in Penza. Up until that time, circus entrepreneurs in Russia were mainly foreigners. The Nikitins built about 25 winter and summer circuses in such cities as Moscow, Tbilisi, Baku, Astrakhan, Saratov, Samara, Nizhny Novgorod, and Ivanovo-Voznesensk. The brothers hired the best circus performers and trained young pupils. In 1911, Akim Aleksandrovich built a circus in Moscow on the former Triumfal’naia Square; it had an arena that could be rotated and lowered and a tank for aquatic acts. The Nikitins were also talented jugglers, gymnasts, acrobats, and horse trainers.

Nikolai Akimovich Nikitin. Born Dec. 5, 1887; died Nov. 24, 1963. Juggler on horseback and animal trainer. Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1947).

N. A. Nikitin, the son of Akim Aleksandrovich, was awarded the Medal of Honor. His son, Nikolai Nikolaevich (born 1912; died 1943), was a circus rider and juggler. He died at the front during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45.

REFERENCES

Kuznetsov, E. M. Tsirk. 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1971.
Pod tsirkovym shatrom. Saratov, 1973.

Iu. A. DMITRIEV

References in classic literature ?
Two of the members of the board, the old veteran in the service, Nikitin, and the Kammerjunker Grinevitch, went in with him.
My colleagues: Philip Ivanitch Nikitin, Mihail Stanislavitch Grinevitch"--and turning to Levin--"a district councilor, a modern district councilman, a gymnast who lifts thirteen stone with one hand, a cattle-breeder and sportsman, and my friend, Konstantin Dmitrievitch Levin, the brother of Sergey Ivonovitch Koznishev.
March 14, 2018 Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Privolzhsky Federal District Mikhail Babich and the head of the Nizhny Novgorod region Gleb Nikitin took part in the opening ceremony of the diversified outpatient clinic "Mother and Child Nizhny Novgorod".
THE controversial Vladimir Nikitin versus Michael Conlan result at the Rio Olympics continues to haunt the International Boxing Association.
IANS Nikitin Dheer says his Chennai Express character Tangaballi challenged him to perform better in front of superstar Shah Rukh Khan.
By increasing our in-house capacity for calcined coke production, Rusal will be able to gradually abandon the supplies from third parties and cut costs by $8 million a year," said Evgeny Nikitin, head of Rusal aluminum business.
Vladimir Nikitin, the director of Mogilev airport, announced that they are studying the possibility of organizing flights to Egypt in the winter-fall season of 2017-2018.
Controversy has centred on Monday night's heavyweight final, in which Russia's Evgeny Tischenko won a verdict over Vasilliy Levit of Kazakhstan, and the defeat for Ireland's Michael Conlan to another Russian, Vladimir Nikitin, on Tuesday.
MICHAEL CONLAN let rip with an astonishing foul-mouthed rant after judges handed Vladimir Nikitin a shocking unanimous win in the bantamweight quarter-finals.
Last summer, Dmitriy Nikitin of the University of California, Irvine and his colleagues recruited three teens to buy e-liquids from 120 different U.
Alexander Nikitin, chairman of the Environmental Rights Center Bellona, said that it made more sense to take a small portion of industrial radioactive waste to the Leningrad Region's Sosnovy Bor because Sayda Bay was not yet ready to receive this type of radioactive waste.
Summary: Gleb Nikitin, Acting Minister of Industry and Trade, said the loss of the Russian industry due to Western sanctions could reach $ 20 billion.